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1

Let's approach the question from this direction. PAKE tries to solve this problem: Alice has a password $PW_{a}$, and Bob has a password $PW_{b}$; consider a protocol where Alice and Bob exchange messages, and generate encryption keys $E_{a}, E_{b}$ where $E_{a} = E_{b}$ if $PW_a = PW_b$ (and unrelated if $PW_a \ne PW_b$); if they're the same, Alice and Bob ...


2

It is not enough to be able to simulate the view of a single party, because corrupted parties may cooperate. As mentioned in the book, it may be easier to view all the corrupted parties as a single entity. It is the view of this single entity that we must simulate. If $m$ is fixed, the order of quantifiers does not matter, because the number of subsets $I$ ...



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