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No, they are not conceptually related. A keystream is the output of a stream cipher and is of (effectively, for modern ciphers) infinite length. If you need to encrypt more plaintext, you use the cipher to produce more bytes of keystream. On the other hand, password salts are of fixed size and their purpose is to make every password effectively unique. A ...


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Is appending the hash of the plaintext to the end of an encrypted message sufficient to ensure integrity? Not in the sense of authentication. Such a construction is malleable for many reasonable encryption algorithms. It also leaks the plaintext to anyone who can guess it, since they can calculate $h(P_i)$ for guesses (brute force or dictionary attack) ...



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