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A zero-knowledge proof is a protocol by which the Prover demonstrate to the Verifier that he knows the solution to a given problem, without giving to the Verifier any additional information about the solution -- that is, no information that the Verifier could not already obtain alone. In the case of the discrete logarithm, the y value is not part of what the ...


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You are on the right track. However, as Ricky Demer points out in the comments, your suggestion would not work because the input is encrypted with different public keys. To fix this you need to use the properties of the threshold-encryption scheme. In a threshold-encryption scheme the players run a key-generation protocol in order to generate a common ...


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U-Prove TokenID is a hash output, so it may be not the best way to prove "not the same" statement. One would also consider inequality proof for a subset of user attributes instead. For each such attribute pair, "not the same" would mean an inverse exists for attribute difference, modulo group order. One would prove knowledge of such inverses while keeping ...


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To prove that product holds over integers, one would start from commitments with groups of a hidden order. That is, proving party should not know order of the group, which is the case with RSA-like multiplicative group. Consider Prover responses $\rho_x = tx + \alpha_x$, $\rho_y = ty + \alpha_y$, $\rho_z = tz + \alpha_z$ to Verifier challenge $t$ with ...



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