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mappings between elliptic curves; it has been proposed as the foundation of a postquantum cryptosystem.
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an object-oriented programming language. Java programs are compiled to bytecode and run in a virtual machine (JVM). Java should not be confused with JavaScript; JavaScript is an entirely diff…
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a dynamic, object-oriented, prototype-based, weakly typed language commonly used for scripting in web browsers. Despite the name, it is unrelated to the Java programming language and sha…
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a key derivation function ([tag:kdf]) that uses a key in the computation.
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a cryptographic hash function designed by Guido Bertoni, Joan Daemen, Michaël Peeters, and Gilles Van Assche.
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For questions about Key Encapsulation Mechanisms (KEMs). KEMs are frequentely used in Cryptography to create public key encryption schemes and are a way to formalize a specific subset of hybrid encryp…
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In cryptography, a key derivation function (or KDF) derives one or more secret keys from a secret value such as a master key or other known information such as a password or passphrase using a pseudo-…
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Key exchange protocols allow two parties to produce a secret session key over a public channel.
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the process of generating keys for cryptographic purposes.
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A means of recovering cryptographic keys when the usual means for obtaining them is unavailable.; the ability to uncover the secret key to a cryptographic message.
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Using the same key for more than one purpose, e.g. to encrypt two messages or to encrypt and authenticate a message. Some cryptosystems may be vulnerable to attacks if keys are inappropriately reused.
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Key rotation refers to a schedule or process for changing the key material.
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usually secret information used as input to various kinds of cryptographic algorithms, like encryption, signature, MAC, to select the concrete transformation done by the algorithm.
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an algorithm that expands a relatively short master key to a relatively large expanded key for later use in an encryption and decryption algorithm.
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the size measured in bits of the key used in a cryptographic algorithm.
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the problem of determining which numbers from a given collection of numbers have been added together to yield a specific sum: used in cryptography to encipher (and sometimes decipher) mess…
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The attacker knows at least one sample of both the plain text and the cipher text.
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A length extension attack on a hash or message authentication code function, which allows extra information to be added to the input message without changing the output value.
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Linear Feedback Shift Register, a pseudorandom bit generator which can be efficiently implemented in hardware.
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"The sodium crypto library". A cryptographic multi-language-library with support for many modern cryptographic primitives, that is a fork of the NaCl library. The library focuses on providing easy-to-…