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material that can be referenced for further information on cryptography.
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A family of lightweight symmetric block-ciphers designed for good performance in hardware with block sizes ranging from 32 to 128 bits and key sizes ranging from 64 to 256 bits.
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concerned with sending messages via electronic signals in the most efficient and error-free way.
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the act of transforming information from one form to another. In cryptography, encoding is typically used to refer to an unkeyed process that does not provide any security in itself, but j…
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a language that defines the way data is sent across dissimilar communication systems.
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a 128-bit, symmetrical block cipher jointly developed by Mitsubishi and NTT of Japan.
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an encryption mode, that builds a self-synchronizing stream-cipher from a block-cipher.
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Fixed, more or less arbitrary parameter values that appear in the definitions of cryptographic schemes, such as fixed initialization vectors for hash functions or S-box tables for block ciphers.
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a block cipher-based message authentication code algorithm.
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a function $f$ from a set $X$ to a set $Y$ with the property that, for every $y$ in $Y$, there is exactly one $x$ in $X$ such that $f(x) = y$. It follows from …
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a cryptographic pseudorandom number generator intended to be used in a stream cipher.
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evident if, when an input is changed slightly (for example, flipping a single bit) the output changes significantly (e.g., half the output bits flip).
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a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
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The Schnorr Identification Protocol relies upon the security of the Discrete Logarithm Problem. Schnorr's protocol was introduced after, and is comparable to, the identification protocol of Fiat and S…
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Plausible deniability may refer $1)$ to deniable encryption schemes allowing to decrypt a ciphertext for a message $m$ to some distinct message $m'$ or $2)$ to a feature provided by deniable file syst…
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an encryption paradigm which gives a master secret key owner fine-grained control over access to encrypted data.
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A method for anonymous communications over a wide area network such as the Internet.
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The Offset CodeBook Mode, an authenticated encryption mode of operation for a block cipher.
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the process of generating keys for cryptographic purposes.
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The three-pass protocol uses commutative encryption to let two people communicate privately without having to exchange keys in advance.
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The framework of universal composability (UC) is a general-purpose model for the analysis of cryptographic protocols.
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a Crypto SDK was developed by Microsoft to support experimentation with the foundational features of the U-Prove technology. It is made available under the Apache 2.0 open-source license, w…
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a block cipher by David Wheeler and Roger Needham of the Cambridge Computer Laboratory; notable for its simplicity of description and implementation.
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Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, or short S-MIME, is a standard for public key encryption and signing of MIME data.
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A family of lightweight symmetric block-ciphers designed for good performance in constrained software devices with block sizes ranging from 32 to 128 bits and key sizes ranging from 64 to 256 bits.
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A family of tweakable symmetric block-cipher algorithms with 256, 512 and 1024 bit block and key sizes.
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a technology that allows telephone calls to be made over computer networks like the Internet.
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Encryption of data represented in XML according to the W3C Specification.
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Key rotation refers to a schedule or process for changing the key material.
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RFC 1320 — the MD4 message-digest algorithm — is a cryptographic hash function with a digest length is 128 bits, developed by Ronald Rivest in 1990.