Unanswered Questions

28
votes
0answers
2k views

Signal vs Telegram in terms of protocols?

Some time ago, the question was asked in chat, why MTProto (Telegram's protocol) is supposedly worse than Axolotl (Signal's protocol) as both protocols have been the inventions of their respective ...
19
votes
0answers
686 views

Hardness of finding mutual discrete logarithms of small generators in $\mathbb{Z}_p$

Suppose you want to select a prime $p$ such that finding e.g. $\log_2(3)$ in $\mathbb{Z}_p$ is expected to be either at least as hard as the general Discrete Logarithm Problem in $\mathbb{Z}_p$, or at ...
10
votes
0answers
205 views

AMD and RDRAND instruction

The latest AMD programmer manuals, dated June 2015, include the RDRAND instruction in the instruction set. For completeness, it lacks ...
10
votes
1answer
425 views

Compact digital signature for noisy data

The question asks for a signature scheme, with a public verification procedure, that is tolerant to minor alterations of the signed data during its transmission [possibly in analog form over some ...
10
votes
0answers
686 views

Who first published the interest of more than two prime factors in RSA?

Multi-prime RSA is now a well known technique (described here): it uses $k>2$ distinct secret prime factors in the public RSA modulus, with the advantage that, using the CRT, we can gain a speed ...
9
votes
0answers
105 views

Turing's (still?) classified inference engine algorithm?

Does anyone know the algorithm used by Turing's Colossus inference engine, so highly classified that the Brits kept it secret for decades after WW II? Indeed, it may still be classified. Several ...
9
votes
2answers
148 views

Is there a way to optimize a linear scan while preserving anonymity?

I've been wrestling with a problem, and I was hoping if someone else had a bright idea. Here's the problem: I have two sides, Alice and Bob. Alice has a single high entropy string $A$, and Bob has a ...
9
votes
0answers
293 views

How were shift amount constants in MD5 found?

The md5 specification gives a series of 4 rounds to execute over a 16-word block. Each round has a repeating sequence of 4 shift amounts (s in ...
9
votes
0answers
457 views

Security of RSA for paranoids with padding?

RSA for Paranoids (RSAP) (in cryptobytes v3n1), also known as Unbalanced RSA, is a variant of RSA proposed in 1995 by Adi Shamir, as a mean to increase the RSA public modulus size while keeping ...
8
votes
0answers
77 views

K friedman - two texts explanation

I have a question, I read the k friedman test to determine the period of a vigenere cipher text, and I understand something like this: Friedman's K test tries to find out what period of the cipher by ...
8
votes
0answers
184 views

Can a commutative block cipher be indistinguishable from a random one, assuming a random permutation of keyspace?

Define a commutative block cipher with keyspace the finite set $K$, and message space the finite set $S$, to be an application $$\begin{align} E:K\times S&\mapsto S\\ (k,x)&\mapsto ...
8
votes
0answers
983 views

Elliptic curve cryptography related key attacks

This question is an extension of Families of public/private keys in elliptic curve cryptography As described above, bitcoin "type 2" deterministic wallets use a root private/public key pair, where ...
7
votes
0answers
79 views

Default algorithm for scalar multiplication of elliptic curve points by the MIRACL Library

What is the default algorithm used by the MIRACL-Library [1] for elliptic curve cryptography systems to perform scalar-point multiplication with curves of Weierstrass form satisfying the equation : ...
7
votes
0answers
159 views

Santa Claus' secret permutation

This December, $N$ friends play secret santa: they select a random permutation $\sigma$ of $N$ (without fixed point). For Santa Claus, everyone has to bring a gift to the next person in the ...
7
votes
0answers
121 views

Attacks on elliptic-curve based cryptosystems through solving the Decisional Diffie-Hellman Problem with the Weil Pairing

Are there any examples of practical attacks on cryptosystems set over elliptic curves which utilize the easiness of DDH for certain choices of curves $E(\textbf{F}_q)$, and as such their lack of ...

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