In a traditional oblivious transfer setting, the sender has a list $(x_1, x_2, ... , x_n) \in G$ where $G$ is the chosen group. The receiver has $b \in \mathbb{N}$, such that engaging in the protocol the receiver is given $x_b$ and the sender does not learn $b$.

Presume I want a slightly different procedure, where the receiver gets a random $x_i$ and neither the sender nor receiver learns $i$.

Is there a name for protocols with this behavior?


1 Answer 1


The simplest way to do this would be to have the sender randomly shuffle the elements. The receiver chooses a random element to request. That way the receiver has no idea which of the original (before the shuffle) elements he got.

  • $\begingroup$ I am trying to use a network to do a distributed OT to a receiver. I don't want to use a secure shuffle protocol because I can not find one that is fault-tolerant. A great answer though. $\endgroup$ Dec 25, 2013 at 5:02
  • $\begingroup$ @JasonKnight The answer does not involve any secure shuffle protocol. $\endgroup$
    – Myath
    Feb 17, 2021 at 22:45

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