5
$\begingroup$

I'm trying to learn about sponge function for creating hash functions and generic attacks on it.

I'm looking for the collision finding attack scenario which leads to $O(\min(2^{-n/2} , 2^{-c/2}))$ time complexity, where $n$ is the sponge output length(hash output length) and $c$ is the capacity length of sponge state.

I know that $2^{-n/2}$ comes from a traditional birthday attack on the output, but what is the attack scenario for $2^{-c/2}$ complexity?

$\endgroup$
8
$\begingroup$

Denote the internal sponge state by $$ S = R\mathbin\|C, $$ where $C$ has size $c$ — capacity.

Every iteration a message block of length $|R|$ is xored into $R$ and then the permutation $P$ is applied. Therefore, if we obtain a collision in $C$ (which can be obtained in $2^{c/2}$ steps with the basic birthday attack), we could cancel any difference in $R$ by injecting an appropriate pair of messages.

So, if $(M_1,M_2)$ yields a zero difference in $C$ and difference $\Delta R$ in $R$, the pair $$ (M_1\mathbin\|X,M_2\mathbin\|(X\oplus \Delta R)) $$ is a collision pair for the full function $F$ for any $X$.

$\endgroup$

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.