Could you please tell me what is the difference of coreutils' md5sum and sha*sum tools (sha1sum, sha224sum, etc.) compared to Crypto++'s digest functions?

I've written a piece of code using Crypto++ hash functions but the result is different from the corresponding Unix tools'.

For example if I write in command line:

 echo test123 | md5sum

I get:


but the Crypto++ MD5 function results with:


Similar things happens when I use another digest functions (as mentioned earlier).

Both Unix and Crypto++ manuals says it simply calculates digest, but says nothing about output format.

I can see both have the same length, both seem to be in hexadecimal form (0-f) and moreover when I type the hashes into Google, in both cases it says that it is an MD5 hash of test123.

Do you have any ideas about it?

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Try echo -n test123 | md5sum. The echo command appends a newline unless used with the -n flag. $\endgroup$ – yyyyyyy Feb 25 '15 at 11:56

The echo command appends a new line at the end, by default. The -n option omits this character. Compare these two executions:

> echo -n "test123" | md5sum

> echo "test123" | md5sum

So the difference between the hash values is simply caused by the new line character.

  • $\begingroup$ indeed, that's the case. So simple, that i feel ashamed of my question ;) $\endgroup$ – SP5RFD Feb 25 '15 at 12:10
  • $\begingroup$ @crooveck Don't worry — I guess most people have discovered this trap some time... $\endgroup$ – yyyyyyy Feb 25 '15 at 12:26

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