All block cipher modes of operation that I understand are generic schemes. They are not restricted by key size or block size. So why is GCM restricted to 128-bit block size?
The field polynomial used for GHASH limits most definitions to 128-bit block size. That does not mean you could not define it for other sizes – the proposal defined it for 64-bit as well (pdf, see Appendix A) even if NIST did not standardize that.
However, defining it for arbitrary block sizes would be more difficult. You would need to define a deterministic method for constructing the polynomial and the changes that entails (see the document above). Since 64-bit block ciphers are usually considered too small these days anyway and no larger block sizes are in common use, there is no need to do that.