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I understand what is going on in higher level. But I don't understand what's really going on in page 3 and 4 of this slide.

Specifically,

  1. How $S_0$ and $S_1$ is used? What goes in what goes out?
  2. How exactly do key bits determine which s-box is to be used at each position? Position refers to what?
  3. Is the function $f$ on page 4 exactly the same SP network on page 3?
  4. Why split plain text into left $L$ and right $R$?
  5. Why XOR $L$ with $R$ after applying $f$?
  6. Why rotate after applying last $f$?
  7. Why is XOR used? Why not some other bitwise operation?

Here are the preceding slides for reference.

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  • $\begingroup$ See my answer stackoverflow.com/a/35243292/3899583 $\endgroup$ – vojta Feb 6 '16 at 16:49
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    $\begingroup$ This is an exact duplicate of a question in stackoverflow, answered there as in the comment above by @vojta $\endgroup$ – kodlu Feb 9 '16 at 12:02