PBKDF2 defines, that the salt is concatenated with the numbers of iterations (in 32 bit big endian) as 2nd input to the PRF. If you use HMAC as PRF (as suggested in the wiki article), the 2nd argument can be of arbitrary length.
On other SE sites, you can find these questions and answers to cryptographic salts in general:
The main aspect of salts is that they are unique. So it comes down to how many different keys you want to derive with your KDF. As a rule of thumb, 32 or 64 random bits should be enough and you will most likely never exhaust those numbers. If you just want to derive a couple of keys from the master secret, you can get away with an even shorter salt, e.g. 2 byte. Even if you set the salt length "too short" and want to derive more keys later, you can always use the same salt and a different number of iterations. That will also result in different derived keys, because the number of iterations is embedded in the input of the first iteration of the PRF already.