So lately I've been studying the TLS Protocol. In particular, going through RFC 2246, section 126.96.36.199, i.e, RSA Encrypted Premaster Secret Message, I encountered:
If RSA is being used for key agreement and authentication, the client generates a 48-byte premaster secret, encrypts it using the public key from the server’s certificate or the temporary RSA key provided in a server key exchange message, and sends the result in an encrypted premaster secret message. This structure is a variant of the client key exchange message, not a message in itself.
On the server side I have decrypted a “.key.enc” file using the server RSA private key. The output is as follows:
I've also read that 46 bytes out of the 48 bytes are randomly generated. However, I believe I'm getting something wrong here since evidently there is no sign of 46 bytes of randomness in the output file.
As far as I know
381151134 is called a “label”, “TOTP” stands for “Time-based One-Time Passcode” and “OTPAUTH” determines the authentication scheme.
Can someone point out what I might be missing or getting wrong here?
Besides that, I have another related question:
The IBM Knowledge Center states…
For server authentication, the client uses the server's public key to encrypt the data that is used to compute the secret key.
… but they don’t provide any detailed information on how that’s done.
Can you additionally point me to a reference paper or some documentation that describes how the secret
is generated? I do know that this is Base32 encoding. However, I'm specifically asking about the steps before the encoding, possibly the use of a 256 bit output hash algorithm (such as SHA256) since there are 52 Base32 characters.
EDIT: Based on a comment my question seems vague in its current form. Further details:
I have been able to generate TOTP codes using the SECRET. I was able to authenticate to a server using the SECRET. Therefore, I guess the SECRET is a HMAC key. The main problem here however is that, how is the SECRET generated. Regarding the connection to TLS, the previous link from IBM Knowledge Center sounds informative. In addition, as I mentioned above the OTPAUTH link was encrypted with a RSA public key and sent to the server. I (may erroneously) believe this is part of the handshaking process in TLS