Is it possible to calculate the private exponent when only the RSA public key (e;N) = (9292162750094637473537; 13029506445953503759481) is given?

  • $\begingroup$ That would only be possible for definitions of RSA that uniquely define the private exponent, such as FIPS 186-4; not for definitions of RSA that allow several private exponents, such as PKCS#1. $\endgroup$
    – fgrieu
    Nov 27 '16 at 4:22

Yes, since $N=p \times q$, so we have $13029506445953503759481 = 109217267039×119298960679$, also the private and public exponent $e$ and $d$ are related by the equation $ed\equiv1\text{ mod }\phi(N)\equiv1\text{ mod }((109217267039-1)×(119298960679-1)) $. You should then be able to find $d$, the private exponent.

  • $\begingroup$ How were you able to find the primes? $\endgroup$ Nov 26 '16 at 17:32
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    $\begingroup$ @ArsalanAmjid probably by handing the modulus to a factoring tool? $\endgroup$
    – SEJPM
    Nov 26 '16 at 17:47
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    $\begingroup$ @Arsalan Wolfram Alpha factored it in about 3 seconds. Note that in real life, N (and hence p and q) would be much, much larger... $\endgroup$
    – Dan
    Nov 26 '16 at 20:11
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    $\begingroup$ Yes, @Dan is right, now the standard for the modulus $N$ is at least $1024$ bits. $\endgroup$ Nov 27 '16 at 3:54

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