Here's the hypothetical. There's a blockchain, which for the sake of simplicity, is modelled around Bitcoin and proof-of-work.
My goal, is that for each mined block, rather than a set reward (12.5 BTC), each block has a deterministic reward value, and that value can only be determined after the block has been submitted. Here's the process:
The miner constructs a block.
Once a block hash under target has been found (through POW), the miner submits the block, not yet knowing the reward they will receive for mining that block, because it is computationally complex to derive it.
Once outside the reach of possibly manipulating the output hash to optimise the value, likely by time passing "mining" the value, the value for that block is finally uncovered, and is easy to verify as quickly from the block hash.
I've looked at a few possible solutions for this, like collecting entropy from previous blocks, future blocks, etc., but it always comes back to the issue of actors optimising blocks to get a good final value for the block.
The second issue I've thought of, is how solutions to the values of blocks will be distributed in the network. How would a solution to the block value be stored? Could they be sent in parallel to the blocks, and then each client can verify the solutions as they receive them?
Am I thinking about this the wrong way? Here's a thread on my previous research into the topic.