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I am studying for my cryptography final and I passed by the following term: short authentication string. Please, can anyone explain it to me, thank you very much.

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The Short Authentication String (SAS) is used in various protocols, but in short, SAS is produced to transfer a long authentication tag into a smaller so that the two users can verbally verify. For example;

In Diffie-Hellman key Exchange, there is always a risk of Man-in-the-Middle attack. To ensure that there is no attacker in the first session, that there are no shared secrets yet, a SAS can be used. After communication verbally the If the values don't match then Man-in-the-Middle attack is detected.

Some Protocols that uses SAS;

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