I study this article: How to Hack a Mac Password Without Changing It and get interested in what hash algorithm is used for hashing user accounts passwords in macOS 10.12+?
My hypothesis is that it is PBKDF-SHA512.
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As @kelalaka said, the answer is still valid as described in this question, so a PBKDF2-SHA512 hash with a large salt and iteration count in the 100000's, usually.