bcrypt is a password hashing method. That means that it expects a password as input parameter. It has been designed so that it is hard to perform an offline test of guessed passwords by having an explicit work factor.
It accepts (or requires) a salt so that:
- repeated passwords do not show up;
- that it is impossible to build a (rainbow) table.
Now your entry is not a password. It is a secret value consisting of 16 bytes or 128 bits. That it is encoded as 32 hexadecimal digits doesn't make any difference, assuming that each hexadecimal digit is equally likely.
Correctly guessing a fully random 128 bit secret is similar to guessing a 128 bit AES key. This is not likely to happen soon. For this reason you do indeed not need bcrypt for the additional work factor
Similarly, if it is indeed fully random, then you do not need a salt either. The salt makes the result probabilistic, so that you don't get the same value back. However, this seems at odds with your requirements to lookup the hash.
If you don't want to expose your secret then you could use a key based key derivation function (KBKDF) rather than a password based key derivation function (PBKDF). Such a function transforms a secret into another secret of given size. If you don't use a salt then the result will be deterministic and you can check for the value in a table. HMAC-expand is one of the later algorithms that you could use.
For your use case you could also use a more generic Pseudo Random Function (PRF) directly. HMAC is a good example of a PRF that can be used for derivation as well. If push can to shove you could also use a SHA-256 I suppose, as a poor man's KDF / PRF. Theoretically hash functions may not adhere to strict requirements for key derivation, but in practice a symmetrical-crypto-based hash function such as SHA-2 will probably fit your need.
Whichever scheme you use, it makes sense to make sure that your scheme doesn't perform the same operation on the original secret as the KDF/PRF/Hash. If you want to make sure that it doesn't: use a KBKDF with a specific label and/or static random value.