Currently, Carter Wegman MACs are popular. Before that, HMAC was popular. What was popular before HMAC? Was it CBC-MAC? Something else?

I know about NIST FIPS 113 "Data Authentication Algorithm" which was CBC-MAC with DES as the block cipher, from 1985. Was that actually used? Even if yes, what was used before 1985? When did people start using a MAC, and how did that early MAC work? (I think Enigma didn't have a MAC, right?)

  • $\begingroup$ The question title asks about HMAC, but the body mentions CBC-MAC. Is this international? $\endgroup$ Jun 7, 2019 at 1:43
  • $\begingroup$ @MichaelSnook is it clearer after the edit? $\endgroup$
    – Z.T.
    Jun 7, 2019 at 1:50
  • $\begingroup$ Looks better, yes $\endgroup$ Jun 7, 2019 at 2:03


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