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Or if the "attacker" has the pre-shared key, then PFS won't help?

Ex.: Heard something about China that it blocks IPSec and only allows it when you give them your pre-shared key, thus they can see the traffic, even if there is PFS implemented on the ex.: IPSec?

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No, knowledge of the IKE preshared key will not allow anyone to listen into the IPsec traffic (either with PFS or without).

IKE always performs a Diffie-Hellman exchange to generate the initial keying material; knowledge of the preshared keys does not tell the attacker either the Diffie-Hellman private values, or the shared secret. The encryption keys are derived from the shared secret; hence they are secure as long as the DH exchange is.

The preshared key is present to act as a 'proof-of-identity'; what knowledge of the preshared key would do is allow you to act as an active man-in-the-middle (because to either side, the attacker is indistinguishable from the other side). The attacker would perform an IKE negotiation with both sides, generate traffic keys, and then be able to decrypt traffic from one side, read it, and then reencrypt it to send to the other side.

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  • $\begingroup$ "IKE always performs a Diffie-Hellman exchange to generate the initial keying material;" - could it be that if this is "catched" then the whole traffic can be followed/decrypted? $\endgroup$ – niving6473 Jul 6 at 12:07
  • $\begingroup$ @niving6473: well, yes, if either side caches their DH values (for use for multiple sessions) and the adversary compromises the box before the DH private value is discarded, then yes, the value of the DH goes away. Of course, this is true whether or not PFS was being performed at the protocol level... $\endgroup$ – poncho Jul 6 at 12:46
  • $\begingroup$ but this could only happen if one of the boxes from the two are compromised? $\endgroup$ – niving6473 Jul 7 at 7:17

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