I can encrypt my files with a symmetric encryption algorithm like AES, or with an asymmetric encryption algorithm like RSA or ECC (I encrypt my files with my own public key). No communication is involved in this scenario. The latter, which one may call asymmetric self encryption, might seem an unusual choice in situations where a key exchange is not required. However, it still does have some advantages: you don't need to type your passphrase for encryption (you need your public key); it works well with keys stored in a hardware token; also, an attacker apparently needs both to have the public key and brute-force the passphrase to decrypt the data. In GnuPG, these two encryptions are achieved via options
gpg -c and gpg -e -r USERNAME.
Considering attacks on the asymmetric encryption, does hiding the public key increase the entropy required for a brute force attack? What information does the public key leak to the attacker?
The standard algorithms for symmetric and asymmetric encryption are AES-256, 4098-bit RSA. The answer to the above question helps compare the security level of these algorithms (in terms of the number of bits that needs to be checked).