Why is Multiplicative group used in RSA or Euler's theorem but not additive?

I am on the verge to understanding RSA, but suddenly a question popped into mind. When we are calculating $$U(N)$$ i.e $$U(PQ)$$, we are taking invertible elements that are co-prime to $$N$$. For example, $$U(5\times2)$$ becomes $$\{1,3,7,9\}$$. We are ultimately never using the inverses in $$U(N)$$ in either key generation or encryption. But just the order of $$U(N)$$ is what we need. We are using invertible elements in the order of $$U(N)$$ as a part of key generation, And that part I understand why, but the never using the invertible elements within $$U(N)$$ itself. So thereby the question, Why we don't use additive groups? Is it a security thing? PS, I don't know much about additive groups, just the multiplicative group as it's a part of RSA and I am studying RSA. Thanks :)

• With additive group, reversing the multiplication (using division) would be easy as the order of the group is $N$ obviously. With multiplication, calculating the discrete root would be difficult. Mar 19 '20 at 6:29

Yes, it's a security consideration. If we used the additive group $$(\Bbb Z_N,+)$$ rather than $$(\Bbb Z_N^*,*)$$ for RSA, public encryption would go $$M\mapsto C=e\,M\bmod N$$ rather than $$M\mapsto C=M^e\bmod N$$. Problem is, decryption would be trivial since anyone with the public key $$(N,e)$$ could compute $$d=e^{-1}\bmod N$$ (e.g. using the extended Euclidean algorithm) and then decrypt as $$S\mapsto M=d\,S\bmod N$$, without knowing the factorization of $$N$$.
This is related to the order of $$(\Bbb Z_N,+)$$ being $$N$$ part of the public key $$(N,e)$$, when the order of $$(\Bbb Z_N^*,*)$$ is $$\Phi(N)$$, which is not easily obtained from the public key.
Your question is not clear. Which additive group would you like to use? RSA is hard because the group $${\mathbb Z}_N^*$$ has unknown order (assuming the factorization of $$N$$ is unknown). Which additive group has that property?