AES has 128, 192, and 256 bits key sizes and always 128-bit block size. They are usually written as AES128, AES192, and AES256. The block size is implicit since it is always 128.
The basic function
xor_128 is used to support
x-or operation of CBC-MAC for the message block, ciphertext blocks, and keys. The block size is always 128 regardless of the key size.
The rfc4493 is not mentioning the AES192 or AES256. This doesn't mean that one cannot use any other than AES128. The rfc4493 only provides a test code for AES128.
The NIST provides test vectors in NIST: Block Cipher Modes of Operation - CMAC Mode for Authentication for AES128, AES192, and AES256.
Generate_Subkey algorithm also needs the
xor-128 to derive the keys, since the keys are
xored with the blocks. This can be seen from the code
Step 4. if flag is true
then M_last := M_n XOR K1;
else M_last := padding(M_n) XOR K2;
The constants are the same and the standard can be found in NIST 800-38B: Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation: The CMAC Mode for Authentication