I am new to cryptography and I am having a hard time to understand what is the need for DHKE procedure. I think I fully understand the principle in which it happens and also the mathematics behind it however I feel it is not needed (most probably I am wrong that's why I asking you guys here). Let's say a client wants to communicate with a server - everything makes perfect sense with the first part of the handshake:
The client sends: "Hello server, this is my TCP max version, this and that, etc." Then the server responds: "Hello, I am the Foo server. This is my public key (go check my certificate) this is my signature (so you can be sure it is me and not a 'middle man')"
Now due to the properties of the public-private key encryption, the client can send the server HIS public key (we don't care how, it's public anyway, but still the message can be encrypted with the server's public key) and then the secure communication can begin by using asymmetric encryption - when the client send something to the server it will be encrypted with the server's public key (so only the server can decrypt it) and vice versa (when server has to send something to the client it will be encrypted with the client's public key).
If my understanding is correct the DHKE procedure brings nothing new to the table in terms of security and I don't understand the need for using it (I doubt that the symmetric key encryption/decryption is much more efficient in terms of computing power).
Thanks in advance!