What is the correct order of operations for one-time pad cipher when using subtraction and mod 10 arithmetic?

What would be the proper order of operations for OTP encryption/decryption when using subtraction and mod 10? E.g. P - K = C or K - P = C

Most of the sources I have seen do not cover this topic or I didn't grasp the principles behind this encryption well enough. From what I gather it shouldn't matter as long as the pad key numbers (K) are truly random.

For instance:

PLAINCODE:  65417
-----------------
CIPHER:     28760

EDIT: From some tests I see that. When used for encryption, whether P + K or K + P to decrypt the original message you need to do C - K, otherwise K - C will not return P. When used for encryption, P - K since C + K will return P, otherwise K + C will not return the original plaincode.

Can someone please explain whether using subtraction or addition for encryption one has a security advantage over the other.

• Why the subtraction? The common and most intuitive method is addition for encryption, and subtraction only for decryption. Irrelevant from a security perspective, but perhaps a little easier on the brain. Have you seen users.telenet.be/d.rijmenants/en/onetimepad.htm? Probably the best resource on OTPs anywhere. Jul 21 '21 at 12:08
• Hey. I did yeah. It is a really the best resource out there, but I didn't find an answer to my question there (I might have missed it). I just wanted to better understand the different variants of the OTP encryption and whether they are equal in terms of encryption strength. Jul 21 '21 at 13:59

I advocate for $$K-P\to C$$ and $$K-C\to P$$ so that encryption and decryption are identical, as in the binary OTP. Each digit is processed modulo 10.

Update: from functionality and security perspectives, $$P-K\to C$$ and $$C+K\to P$$ is perfectly fine; as well as $$P+K\to C$$ and $$C-K\to P$$. What I advocate has a single benefit: the same method/code is used for encryption and decryption.
The reason these three variants allow decryption and are perfectly secure is the same: the set $$\{0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9\}$$ is a group under addition modulo $$10$$ (if the group is not commutative, we need to change $$K-C\to P$$ into $$(-C)+K\to P$$ ). Therefore, there is nothing to learn about $$P$$ from $$C$$ when not knowing $$K$$.