# How to select $r$ in Pedersen commitment scheme?

I'm implementing Pedersen commitment scheme in order to enhance entropy of a pre-image of a hash. I'm using secp256k1 for my curve parameters.

I am following naming conventions from here: What is a Pedersen commitment?

I am performing a commit $$C = (m, r)$$ and then another commit $$C' = (m, r')$$

Then I do the blind equality check $$C - C' = (r - r')G.$$

I got the blind equality check working, but only for some values of $$r$$. It looks like it works better when $$r$$ is a prime or when $$r$$ and $$r'$$ don't have common divisors.

What's the proper way to select $$r$$ values? Right now I am just selecting random values in between 0 and 0xfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffefffffc2f

• are you doing $r-r'\ mod\ q$? Mar 14, 2022 at 17:42
• Hmm, I'm doing uint256 _r3 = submodP( _r1 , _r2 ). I'm not sure what $q$ is, to be honest. Maybe submodP is not enough on its own and I do need to $mod q$ on top of it. Thank you, I'll research that further. Mar 14, 2022 at 19:56
• For secp256k1, your group order $q$ is 115792089237316195423570985008687907852837564279074904382605163141518161494337. You should not be doing mod p and mod q, only mod q. Mar 15, 2022 at 4:01
• Hi @knaccc you're right. Turns out I was doing mod 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFEFFFFFC2F and I had to just change it to mod 0xfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffebaaedce6af48a03bbfd25e8cd0364141 and it now works fine. That solved my issue. Mar 16, 2022 at 13:05

According to this paper, $$r$$ ($$t$$ in the paper) should be picked uniformly at random in $$\mathbb{Z}_q$$ (i.e $$\big\{0, \dots, (q-1)\big\}$$), with $$q$$ the order of $$\mathbb{G}$$.

According to this link the order is:

FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFE BAAEDCE6 AF48A03B BFD25E8C D0364141

Then you have to select a random value in between $$0$$ and

FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFF FFFFFFFE BAAEDCE6 AF48A03B BFD25E8C D0364140 include.

• That's a great paper, I'll research that further and figure out what I'm missing, thank you! Mar 14, 2022 at 19:57

I was doing mod 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFEFFFFFC2F for $$(r - r')$$ and I just had to change it to mod 0xfffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffebaaedce6af48a03bbfd25e8cd0364141. Not an issue with $$r$$ selection per se, but with computing $$(r - r')$$.