Linked Questions

0 votes
1 answer
51 views

Is it possible in LUKS1 to recreate a lost master key with the original password?

I accidentally overwrote a whole LUKS1 header without any backup. Since I still have the password with which the header was created - is there any way that this information helps me to reduce the ...
19 votes
4 answers
35k views

Is password-based AES encryption secure at all?

For a few years I have put all my passwords in a text file and encrypted that file with a password using a software solution (Axcrypt) which uses AES-128. The password is not really strong, but I ...
1 vote
4 answers
1k views

How long would it take all of the supercomputers or cloud computing on Earth to bruteforce a significantly long password?

I was arguing with a colleague who thinks that SHA256 (password + 64 character static salt) is "insecure." My argument is that nothing in cryptography is "secure," it's all a ...
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

What's the point and use of 512-bit-style elliptic curves?

There is a plethora of elliptic curves that are close to the 256-bit security level (i.e., fields and groups of approximately 512 bits). Examples are Curve448, P-521, Brainpool-P512. The standard ...
10 votes
3 answers
2k views

1 Billion Bit Encryption?

So, browsing through YouTube, I stumbled on this video interview of John Draper (Captain Crunch), one of the first "hackers". He talks for about 3 minutes (until 27:48) about his home rolled ...
0 votes
1 answer
196 views

Protection (nonce addition?) against key discovery in AES 256

I've got a situation where I need to send message ciphered with AES-256. However the content, and therefore length, of the message may be intercepted before (don't ask;)) and the question I was asked ...
0 votes
0 answers
118 views

Questions about Blake2x: Its state size (internal state) and its security when generating keys with size more than 256/512bits

I read the Blake2x paper: https://www.blake2.net/blake2x.pdf It says Blake2x can be used to build a "DRBG" (CSPRNG): https://csrc.nist.gov/glossary/term/deterministic_random_bit_generator &...
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Diffie-Hellman key exchange - why is modulo operation necessary?

Could someone explain why it's necessary to have the modulo operation in the Diffie-Hellman key exchange? Let's imagine we do DH without the modulo operation ($A = g^a, B = g^b$). Would that not work,...
3 votes
4 answers
581 views

Multi Factor Encryption?

I got an alert last night to the keywords above and was curious, so took a look at the tor site flagged which is the following one: http://nsrz5iogimqwgeax3clpp6hvfy6viom2woy7dghgxes4sqk63r7svoqd....
2 votes
1 answer
214 views

Maximum security strength in bits of ISAAC cipher?

Wikipedia claims key length can be very big in this cipher, so I assume it can offer a million bits of security provided entropy of key is the same? Of course I can SHA-256 hash the key to allow any ...
42 votes
12 answers
14k views

Differences between industrial and military cryptography

Industrial and military cryptography should follow the same basic rules, but what does make them different is: Higher key length, protocols unknown to the civilian world, and perhaps unique methods ...
20 votes
2 answers
34k views

Does SHA-1024 hash exist?

Does SHA-1024 cryptographic hash function exist similarly to SHA-512? If not, what's the reason for that? Links: SHA-2 at Wikipedia SHA-3 at Wikipedia
7 votes
1 answer
6k views

Why are NIST curves still used?

I'm relatively new to the world of crypto (But as far as the math goes, I am familiar with the inner workings. I used to rarely use it for privacy, but now I use it for many things). Anyway, I was ...
2 votes
2 answers
908 views

80-bit vs 128-bit security in today's world

In today's world of applications, I see a lot of the time a 256-bit encryption key is used, but what about an 80 or 128? What makes 256 the one to use. Is a 80 or 128 easily decrypted? Are comp ...
1 vote
3 answers
3k views

What's the preferable encryption for large data and files in terms of speed and security other than AES?

First of all, I'm relatively new to encryption so please bear with me. I'm looking for a way to encrypt large amounts of data only on my device, no need to transfer my encrypted files/data (10-20GB or ...

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