Linked Questions

0
votes
0answers
41 views

Can we bound adversarial power in terms of total entropy in universe? [duplicate]

The strengths of various cryptographic primitives are often explained (though not defined) in terms of how long it would take to break under the current best known attacks. For example, apparently the ...
40
votes
10answers
11k views

Differences between industrial and military cryptography

Industrial and military cryptography should follow the same basic rules, but what does make them different is: Higher key length, protocols unknown to the civilian world, and perhaps unique methods ...
46
votes
6answers
34k views

Why is AES resistant to known-plaintext attacks?

At least it's my understanding that AES isn't affected by known-plaintext. Is it immune to such an attack, or just resistant? Does this vary for chosen-plaintext?
29
votes
3answers
4k views

Dropbox Password security

Dropbox have recently published How Dropbox securely stores your passwords Is this really more secure than using bcrypt with a complexity of 11 or 12 ? The password "chain" is secure as its weakest ...
16
votes
4answers
22k views

Is password-based AES encryption secure at all?

For a few years I have put all my passwords in a text file and encrypted that file with a password using a software solution (Axcrypt) which uses AES-128. The password is not really strong, but I ...
14
votes
2answers
4k views

Calculate all possible keys for AES 128 encryption to exploit hardware encryption

Some background: I am using the MicroChip ATAES132a for hardware encryption/decryption. The ATAES132a is very configurable and can be misconfigured in such a way that the encryption/decryption will be ...
12
votes
2answers
18k views

Does SHA-1024 hash exist?

Does SHA-1024 cryptographic hash function exist similarly to SHA-512? If not, what's the reason for that? Links: SHA-2 at Wikipedia SHA-3 at Wikipedia
8
votes
4answers
29k views

How long would it take to brute force an AES-128 key?

How long would it take to crack a AES-128 key using the most advanced technology currently available? The hardware can be anything, be it a high-performance CPU, GPU or even FPGA?
10
votes
3answers
2k views

1 Billion Bit Encryption?

So, browsing through YouTube, I stumbled on this video interview of John Draper (Captain Crunch), one of the first "hackers". He talks for about 3 minutes (until 27:48) about his home rolled ...
2
votes
4answers
745 views

Why can't we give block ciphers larger keys?

I have limited math's knowledge so sorry if this question sounds stupid. I saw many people complaining about AES, Twofish and Serpent that these ciphers all could be crackable in the near future and ...
15
votes
2answers
51k views

Twofish vs. Serpent vs. AES (or a combo)

I've seen some posts and info online, but they are from 2009, 2010, 2011 or 2012, which is 3-6 years ago, which is a very long time. So I'm looking for an up-to-date answer about which of these is the ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

How is the quality of a password calculated and what does it mean?

While using Keepass and using it to generate random passwords, I always have noticed the "quality" section but truthfully have never known what it actually means. So my questions are; How much ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

What is the most secure ECC Curve?

I have for a while used Koblitz curve (sect571k1), in ECDH and ECDSA. But I have started wonder if it is the most secure. I prefer security over efficiency. So the curve doesn't have to be the most ...
6
votes
4answers
746 views

Is there a proof for showing any cryptogram is crackable?

I commonly hear statements along the lines of "all cryptograms are crackable - it's only a matter of time". Is there a proof to show that any cryptogram is "crackable"? The proof may be of a more ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Is this test result sufficient to steer clear from this RNG for cryptographic applications?

I'm not really interested in this PRNG. I'm more interested in understanding what it takes to fail the security threshold for cryptographic applications. I'm taking the C PRNG as an example. ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the cipher “Kalyna” with a 512-bit key length more secure AES with a 256-bit key?

Recently I have found out that Ukraine has its own symmetric encryption algorithm "Kalyna". Developers of this algorithm said that their algorithm is more secure than AES because of longer key length ...
4
votes
1answer
28k views

Is SHA-256 safe and difficult to crack? [duplicate]

I am trying to crack a SHA-256 hash but I am not sure how to approach this in an efficient way. The following is known of the original non-hashed content: 64 characters long only consists 0-9 and a-z ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How likely is a AES KDF bypass?

So I was wondering about some alternative attack scenario which I thought of when I started to understand KDF's . So lets say you have a cipher like AES and a strong KDF . And the legit user uses a ...
4
votes
2answers
10k views

ECDSA with SHA256 and sepc192r1 curve: Impossible, or how to calculate $e$?

I need to use ECDSA as the signing algorithm and SHA256 for hashing the message. I'm running into troubles verifying the signature calculated on two different platform (one is BouncyCastle, another ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Algorithm for generating OAuth tokens

I'm trying to find a good algorithm for generating authorization codes, access tokens and refresh tokens in an API. Currently, I am looking into the following setup: Tokens are generated using the <...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

ECC keys vulnerable to brute force attack?

I have started learning about Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC). Since the key size required in ECC is relatively smaller than the key size in RSA (to provide the same encryption strength), I wonder ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Why is AES unbreakable?

Why is it said that AES is unbreakable? Brute force attacks would take years to crack it, so is it possible to crack it if the computational speed of machines increase in the following decade?
5
votes
1answer
847 views

Can there be a need for 1024-bit (symmetric) encryption?

I think we are all aware of the CAESAR-competition. Now the aim of this competition is to select a (portfolio of) winner(s) which provide authenticated encryption. I'll now assume that the results ...
2
votes
2answers
796 views

Diffie-Hellman key exchange - why is modulo operation necessary?

Could someone explain why it's necessary to have the modulo operation in the Diffie-Hellman key exchange? Let's imagine we do DH without the modulo operation ($A = g^a, B = g^b$). Would that not work,...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

AES128 and 256 Microsoft Office

I realise this is kind of a basic question but its one I must have an answer too. One of the questions I have had thrown at me recently is why are we still using the default of AES128 when password ...
2
votes
3answers
896 views

How much processing power should you assume an attacker has?

The answer to this question says that you should assume an attacker can do one billion operations per second: Key Size for Symmetric Homomorphic Encryption Over the Integers Is that a single attacker ...
-3
votes
2answers
911 views

Breaking Ransomware encryption

Recent news reports show that the UK's NHS (Nation Health Service) has suffered a major ransomware attack which is also affecting other parts of the world especially Spain and Russia, the effect is to ...
2
votes
1answer
535 views

Is there a truly safe signing algorithm?

After reading this question, I'm pretty shaken up. A determined attacker with $100 in loose change can crack any RSA key in a couple of hours. After believing that these algorithms would take millions ...
-4
votes
1answer
2k views

Is AES256 the most secure encryption algorithm available at the moment? [closed]

I have had to edit this question because it was too broad (sorry didn't realise that was not allowed...), so, lets go with: Is AES256 the most secure encryption algorithm available at the moment? If ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Can cryptocurrency mining devices be used for cryptanalysis?

In the past year or so we have seen production of ASIC devices designed for mining of cryptocurrencies. These devices can perform SHA256 hashing at rates much higher than was seen in the past and are ...

15 30 50 per page