Linked Questions

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0answers
31 views

plaintext attack with binary files [closed]

I am trying to do a plaintext attack by XORing the plaintext with ciphertext to find the key used for encryption. However the files are in the form of binary files, and when I XOR them I end up ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Why don't most encryption algorithms use perfect secrecy?

Isn't it possible to make algorithms that are both computationally complex and have many possible answers if you try to crack them without knowing the password? Why aren't many popular algorithms like ...
5
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1answer
413 views

What is the significance of IV in stream ciphers like Trivium?

In Trivium cipher, an 80-bit key and 80-bit IV (initialization vector) are used initially to set up the initial state. I would like to know, Role of IV in stream cipher? Can we make IV a secret ...
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2answers
157 views
-1
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2answers
96 views

Is there any vulnerability in this scheme?

We want to design a symmetric encryption scheme. Note that the following things are true for our system: The plaintext P will change every time for a given user. A user will choose a password which ...
1
vote
2answers
231 views

Modification of vigenere cipher cryptographically secure?

After looking for ages online for a python implementation of the Vigenere cipher, and finding few, I decided to implement it myself. After ironing out all of the flaws, it's now a working (and secure) ...
1
vote
2answers
391 views

XOR and key reuse [duplicate]

I've been doing a bit of reading on the use of XOR and the dangers of key reuse. I'm aware that reusing a key can open a door for a frequency analysis attack on my plain text. So far, everything ...
3
votes
3answers
708 views

Does ChaCha20 counter actually increment through iterations?

RFC defines: state = constants | key | counter | nonce Suggested on multiple places is to set counter to 0 or 1. It is still ...
1
vote
2answers
398 views

How to know the difference between two ciphertexts without key stream in stream ciphers [duplicate]

If I have two cipher texts lets say $C_1$ and $C_2$ of the same length encrypted through stream cipher technique using the same keystream. Let's say they are: $$C_1: \texttt{96 C6 A1 08 E7 F2 33 3B ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

One-Time Pad Vulnerabilities [duplicate]

Why is it that a one time pad is vulnerable is the key is shorter than the message? I know that if a key is reused across multiple plaintexts, you can XOR two existing ciphertexts to get the pad, but ...
3
votes
3answers
904 views

What are some real world examples where one time pad encryption is used or can be used?

I understood that One-Time Pad (OTP) encryption ensures perfect secrecy. However, I couldn't find any real-world examples where the OTP is used. Also, which are some real-world examples where it won'...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

One-time pad encryption - how does the receiving side decrypt the message?

If a message is sent using one-time pad scheme, which generates random bits in order to, for example, XOR them with the message's bits - how does the receiving side generate the exact series of bits ? ...
17
votes
9answers
5k views

Is one-time pad encryption vulnerable when near identical data is sent many times with different OTP?

Let's assume a text file that grows at its very end but is otherwise not edited. We now have 100 transmissions of this, but OTP-encrypted (different OTP each time, of course). The first 50% of the ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Vernam/OTP repeated pad vulnerability [duplicate]

One thing I know about the Vernam cipher is that the key must not be repeated over the plain-text, for example: ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Attacks on one-time pad, given a property of keys

An adversary $A$, eavesdrops $n$ cipher-texts, $c_{1}, c_{2} ..., c{_n}$. It also knows a value $v$ and a function $f$ such that $$f(k_{1}, k_{2}, ..., k_{n}) = v$$ where, $k_{i}$ is used to encrypt $...

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