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### Meet-in-the-Middle attack on 3DES [duplicate]

How can I apply the Meet-in-the-Middle attack to the 3DES algorithm, and why does the literature say that 3DES is more secure than DES?
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### Why does applying 56-bit DES twice only give 57 bits of security? [duplicate]

Given two 56-bit keys, $k_1$ and $k_2$, why does $E_{k_1}(E_{k_2}(M))$ only give 57 bits of security? So basically I'm unsure why it only gives 57 bits of security; I understand that one key will ...
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### Why is Triple DES not vulnerable to meet in the middle attacks?

Consider the Triple DES encryption calculated as: $$C= E_{K_1}(D_{K_2}(E_{K_1}(P))).$$ For a chosen plaintext attack, given plaintext $P$, we compute the result of $D_{K_2}(E_{K_1}(P))$ and store ...
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### How can I attack a Triple-Block cipher with 2 keys (like 3DES) with a cost of ≤ 2⁵⁶

I am trying to solve something and I have but I have no idea anymore. Maybe anyone of you has an idea/solution/hint. Given is a block cipher $F$ with key length $n$. It looks like this: c = ENC_{k1}...
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### 2DES vs. two-key triple encryption, with no decryption step

So studying double encryption (double DES) and understanding why it is subject to a meet-in-the-middle attack, I tried to see if the same attack could be applied to a triple encryption with only two ...
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### Why do 1st and 3rd key have to be the same in 2 key 3DES?

From this answer: However, that wasn't the only situation they had in mind; they also considered the case where someone implemented 2 key 3DES in hardware (which the first and last subkeys were ...
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### Triple DES with 2 keys

Suppose triple DES is performed by choosing two keys $K_1$ and $K_2$ and computing $C = T (T (T (L, K_1), K_2), K_2)$. How to attack this modified version with a meet-in-the-middle attack, in which ...
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### 3DES Modes EED or EDE?

Can we use EED with 2 keys $(k_1, k_1, k_3)$ rather than EDE $(k_1, k_2, k_1)$? We measure the strength of DES by the effort (in terms of the number of tries) in finding some $k_1$ & $k_2$ to ...
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### Comparison among algorithm based on key length

Some months ago I found in some paper that we cannot compare symmetric algorithm with asymmetric algorithm based on the key length and more important we cannot compare asymmetric algorithm using only ...
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### Quadruple DES vs AES-128 security

I came across this question regarding the security of Quadruple DES (hypothetically DES done four times) in CBC encryption mode vs security of AES-128 in CBC encryption mode. What parameters help to ...
How much would using AES-CTR like 3DES improve security? Like so (Using a 512-bit key split into two; $K_1$ & $K_2$, and seperate nonces for all stages): ...