Linked Questions

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0answers
49 views

Finding the cleartext password given its MD5

Given powerful GPU and PC hardware, is it realistic to recover a password in a few hours given a cleartext's MD5? Max chars are 95, and the maximum length of the password is 15 characters.
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1answer
84 views

MD5 hash: retrieve an element of a source string

Suppose you have a string, precisely an MD5 hash string, which basically it is computed in the following way: "element1:element2:element3" So, in order to get ...
6
votes
2answers
513 views

SHA-512 - How difficult is it to find a hash digest beginning with at least twelve zeros?

I know it's possible to find a hash value with multiple zeroes in it, I know of some BitCoin hashes with it, but how difficult is it to find/create a hash digest with 12 or more leading hex zeroes in ...
11
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3answers
9k views

Has AES-128 been fully broken?

Has AES-128 been broken over the full 10 rounds? If so, by what means? By a commercial entity? By a supercomputer? If not, why is AES-256 used to replace AES-128 so frequently?
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2answers
351 views

Recovery Passphrase Collission for BIP-39 and BIP-44

Referring to the standards of [BIP-39] and [BIP-44]: a 'master password' consisting of 12 words uniformly selected from a 2048-word dictionary corresponds to 128 bits of entropy, that is then used as ...
1
vote
2answers
238 views

80-bit vs 128-bit security in today's world

In today's world of applications, I see a lot of the time a 256-bit encryption key is used, but what about an 80 or 128? What makes 256 the one to use. Is a 80 or 128 easily decrypted? Are comp ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Brute force strategy

I am a beginner in this field, and I was thinking about brute force strategies to break symmetric key encryption. Let's say we have a block cipher in CTR mode and the key is 56 bits in size. What ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

How long would it take all of the supercomputers or cloud computing on Earth to bruteforce a significantly long password?

I was arguing with a colleague who thinks that SHA256 (password + 64 character static salt) is "insecure." My argument is that nothing in cryptography is "secure," it's all a ...
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5answers
411 views

Is it theoretically possible to create an unbreakable cipher?

I know this question might sound strange, but is it theoretically possible to create an unbreakable cipher if we don't consider bruteforce? Some of us believe that it is possible to create ciphers and ...
4
votes
1answer
932 views

Is Mega.nz encryption vulnerable to brute force cracking by quantum computers?

I am interested in Mega.nz cloud storage. It is using end-to-end encryption. It says that it uses AES-128 to encrypt files And there are more details in their white paper But I saw that quantum ...
2
votes
3answers
479 views

3DES security when K1=K3

I am mainly looking for security on 2-key $\operatorname{3DES}$ implementation where $K_1=K_3$. How hard or easy is it to crack $\operatorname{3DES}$ when $K_1=K_3$?
2
votes
1answer
669 views

How long would it take to brute force a 32 or 16 bit integer and which type of processor would brute force this in the shortest period of time

I was actually wondering... How long would it take to crack/brute force a 32 bit key/encryption and a 16 bit key/encryptions respectively on a 4GHZ and a 2GHZ PC. I know that a 32 bit integer has 4,...
1
vote
1answer
343 views

How to calculate time needed for decryption of 64-bit key

I am having trouble figuring out how long it takes to decrypt a 64-bit key, given that a computer can do 1 billion trials per second. I know that there are $2^{64} = 1.844 \times 10^{19}$ possible ...
2
votes
1answer
349 views

SHA-256 security for initial 32 bits

I have concerns regarding truncated SHA-256 hashes in an application I am building at the moment: Nomenclature secret - the full 256-bit SHA-256 result of hashing ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Do ciphers with a key size of 64 bits still have use under very limited attack models?

If we have a very performance critical interactive session, like a video game, running on a trusted platform (video game console). If our goal is to prevent exfiltration of up to date information (...

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