Linked Questions

16 votes
3 answers

Has AES-128 been fully broken?

Has AES-128 been broken over the full 10 rounds? If so, by what means? By a commercial entity? By a supercomputer? If not, why is AES-256 used to replace AES-128 so frequently?
Offir's user avatar
  • 283
45 votes
2 answers

AES-GCM recommended IV size: Why 12 bytes?

When using AES-GCM, a 96-bit IV is generally recommended. Most implementations I've seen also use 96-bit. However, I'm unsure on where this recommendation or convention comes from. Let's assume a ...
Hendrikvh's user avatar
  • 553
19 votes
5 answers

AES GCM : is it acceptable to return the wrong plaintext if the tag is incorrect?

Let's start by saying I'm no cryptography expert, I'm just a developer, so feel free to correct me (using words, not downvotes) if what I'm saying is non-sense. Context: I'm doing some crypto as a ...
ShellCode's user avatar
  • 293
25 votes
2 answers

How bad it is using the same IV twice with AES/GCM?

I understand that initialization vectors (IV) should not be used twice when using AES/GCM. I am using a counter as an initialization vector. Every time I send out a new packet (I am developing an UDP ...
Matteo Monti's user avatar
  • 1,417
13 votes
1 answer

What is universal composability guaranteeing, specifically? Where does it apply, and where does it not?

I don't have a proper computer science education, so bear with my misunderstandings. UC is supposed to "guarantee strong security properties". From what I stand, if you have some secure ...
Expectator's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers

Disadvantages of AES-CTR?

On paper, it sounds *very* good to me: secure fast (in my tests it's somewhat slower than ECB (but without most of the weaknesses, more on that below) but faster than every other alternative I tested,...
hanshenrik's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers

Which block cipher mode of operation does TLS 1.3 use?

Which block cipher mode of operation does TLS 1.3 use? I assume it is a block cipher mode that provides authentication (like GCM).
Abra Cadabra's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers

Does GCM (or GHASH) only provide 64-bit security against forgeries?

In a recent comment a doubt was voiced about my answer, which claims GCM to requires $2^{128}$ for a successful forgery. The doubt was that the square root needs to be taken meaning the security would ...
SEJPM's user avatar
  • 46.1k
10 votes
2 answers

Changing an Encryption scheme from AES to ChaCha20

I am using the AES cipher for my OTT platform. Almost all Chip vendors (ARM, Intel, etc) have built-in AES for faster and secure processing. Now, how feasible it is to move from AES to ChaCha20? ...
SSA's user avatar
  • 640
6 votes
2 answers

GMAC vs HMAC in message forgery and bandwidth

Saarinen in his work GCM, GHASH and Weak Keys says that: The GHASH algorithm belongs to a widely studied class of Wegman-Carter polynomial universal hashes. The security bounds known (this and ...
kelalaka's user avatar
  • 49k
3 votes
2 answers

So is AES-256 more secure or less secure than AES-128 after all?

It seems there are attacks that work more effectively on AES-256 than AES-128, which makes it less secure in some cases. But the bigger key size should add some safety margin on the other hand, for ...
Hormoz's user avatar
  • 799
4 votes
3 answers

Designing a secure UDP-based communication protocol

SUMMARY UPDATE: I have changed the title of this question from "Using an encrypted packet counter as a counter value in AES-CTR" to "Designing a secure UDP-based communication protocol&...
Samuel Moriarty's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers

What is a good AES mode to use on file encryption?

I'm new to encryption and cryptography, I was wondering if there is a good or best suited AES mode for file encryption (Planning on zipping a folder and encrypt it as a file). If there is, how complex ...
user63579's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers

Why is AES better than one-time pad?

From my limited research into this topic, it seems that AES can be brute-forced. One-time pad, on the other hand, cannot. Why then is it better to use AES than it is to use one-time pad? The only ...
Hera Sutton's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers

For AES-GCM, does knowing plaintext and ciphertext allow attacker to learn the key?

Say, for an AES-GCM encryption, an attacker knows essentially everything except the key. This would include: Plaintext Ciphertext IV Algorithm (AES-GCM) In this case, will the attacker gain any ...
Erik Hermansen's user avatar

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