Questions tagged [certificates]

A certificate consists of a public key and information about the owner (e. g. the name of a person or server).

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Cryptographic Key Management system [closed]

A multinational company has five regional offices around the globe, between which large amounts of confidential data are exchanged every day over the internal network. It also maintains a separate web ...
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OPENSSL CMS: Enveloped data's public key, Certificate's public key; Are they same?

I read the rfc5652, and I made enveloped data via openssl: openssl cms -encrypt -in plain -aes256 -recip certificate.pem -outform DER -out enveloped-data.ber Then, I check the public key. First, ...
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Unable to add subject alternate names to certificate [closed]

I have created an certificate authority for local use. I work in web development and need to issue certificates for internal servers that are not exposed to the internet. I am using openssl, and ...
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Key exchange with a property as certificate

I am searching for a key exchange protocol that makes use of certificates. I already came across protocols like Authenticated Diffie-Hellman key exchange, but this protocol use public/private key ...
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60 views

Revoke key without communication between the party who revoked it and the party who is validating

I received a very weird question from someone. I feel there is no solution, It would be great if you guys share your views. There are three people Alice, Bob and Sam and they all work for a high-...
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Authentication of certificates

In order to provide authenticity of a sent message, we use certificates as fingerprints. But how do I know that the certificate is not stolen by someone? If the certificates are made public, why cant ...
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Is it possible to extract a signature from a HTTPS webpage?

Let's say I want to prove to someone that a webpage claims X. I could take a screenshot, but it could easily be doctored. However, the webpage's contents are encrypted by the domain using its private ...
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HPKP on OS or library level

Among the major operating systems (Windows, MacOS, Linux) or common TLS libraries (Schannel, openssl, boringssl) is their any way to pin certificates on a global level? So not just per application but ...
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What is Cross signing of root certificates and how does it help at time of root certificate expiry?

I got to know that Root CA's are cross signed so that at the time of certificate expiry, there are no outages. However, I am unable to find any good docs explaining how cross signing works and how it ...
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certificate authority

hi guys, is there a pseudonym in the certificate ? , I read papers that use the certificate authority, and between the components of the certificate, there is a pseudonym.
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Can I use a certificate authority with Elgamal encryption?

Can I use a certificate authority with Elgamal encryption? Is this type of keys in CA?
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Are end-entity certificates without basic constraints extension vulnerable?

Public certificate authorities seem to always include the basic constraints extension. Why is this a best practice? What is the risk for a PKI to issuing end-entity certificates that don't have ‘...
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204 views

Samsung .Cert File - Digging deeper

I don't know if I should ask this question in Android Stackexchange or here, but I am sure I am in a right place to ask. My question is about following Samsung Certificate file: File name: ...
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How to determine curve's field size in a ECDSA Signature

There is a bug in some firmware I'm working that states the following: If individual coordinates are shorter or longer than the curve’s field size they are processed incorrectly. So I can get the ...
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Required certificate key usage for signing document

What's the required key usage/extended key usage for signing documents, eg.PDF, Word, PowerPoint, Excel, etc... I am going to create a self-signed certificate that is needed to sign those documents. I ...
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Do certificates need to be stored as encrypted?

The titles says most of what we're confused with. Here's some details: On an embedded device, we have a microcontroller and external flash memory. This memory can be easily read and written to in ...
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Automatic csr sending

In our project we have grpc server and clients which should satisfy mutual tls. So, there is CA and clients generate csr to sent to CA to signing it. Now I need to send csr manually to CA to sign it ...
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What is the difference of having to use a ca.crt to verify a signed file vs the .crt used to sign it?

This seemed like the most appropriate place to ask this question so here it goes: I used to run a process that automatically generated a shim.key and ...
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Best model for client software encryption / decryption

I would like to develop a small solution (c#) that must secure data exchange with an untrusted server. The model is that this software will run on a Windows client then Encrypt data before pushing it ...
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Any (proposed) internet standard (RFC) for trusted hosting of signed documents?

There's a problem with digitally signed documents - in particular that any print-out of them will be only a copy, not an original (by print-out I mean the print-out of the human readable form of the ...
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70 views

Different encryption standards and how they relate to auth and algorithms

The main confusion I have is around the different PKCS and relation with SSL (TLS). I have done a lot of research and have found bits and pieces but not necessarily how these relate, so let me explain ...
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Clarification on the TLS verification process

I am reading this article in my attempt to understand how the TLS verification and chain of trust works. In the piece I come across a section that I am not sure I understand. In the simplified ...
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What exactly is Let's encrypts chain.pem file?

While trying to understand the use or meaning of the fullchain.pem file created by let's encrypt I stumbled upon this post in which ...
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What are the contents of a certificate and how can I view it?

I understand on a conceptual level that a certificate is nothing more than just a verified public key. The next question I have, is how exactly do I see the contents of a certificate? Apart from the ...
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How is the identitiy of a subject in a Public Key Certificate verified by the Certificate Authority (CA)?

A general digital certificate issued by a CA might contain information about the individual/organization to whom the certificate belongs. As an example, consider this sample scenario: This PKC ...
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Where can I read about DER certificate structure - fields and its registered values?

Where is an official documentation for ASN1 structure and values of x509 certs? Using OpenSSL command like openssl asn1parse -in server.der -inform DER I can see ...
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103 views

Allowed key types in an SSL certificate

What are the valid key types which can get signed (or generated and signed) by a CA to constitute an SSL certificate? For the keys used in TLS, the key types I have seen are RSA and EC. Anything else? ...
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How to prove document ownership at a specific time [duplicate]

Problem Given any piece of data, I could sign it with public key and made available online. This proves I am in possession of given data, but it doesn't tell I am the creator. The only possibility (I'...
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589 views

openSSL created CSR signature size of 73 bytes but should't it be 70 bytes

after creating CSR using openSSL with secp256r1 curve inspecting the file using openssl asn1parse -i -in ecTest.csr the size of ...
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Smallest possible certificate for IoT device

I'm developing an IoT system that uses small nodes connected through RF. This allows messages under 250 bytes long. You can check it at https://github.com/gmag11/EnigmaIOT. All messages are encrypted ...
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What's the meaning of cached certificate revocation list and online certificate revocation list in X509RevocationMode Enum?

In this article, there are cached certificate revocation list and online certificate revocation list terms used. I tried to find ...
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RSASSA-PSS in TLS 1.2

I know it is possible to use RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5 with client certificates in TLS 1.3. But what about the other way around: using RSASSA-PSS with client certificates in TLS 1.2? Is it possible to use ...
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Difference Between PEM vs P12 vs CRT vs JKS vs keystore vs PKCS vs x509 certificates [duplicate]

Sorry noob here. I am so much confused about lot of files used client authentication certificates. Can anyone guide me on the difference between PEM vs P12 vs CRT vs JKS vs Keystore vs PKCS vs x509 ...
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Detecting revoked keys long after a document is signed

Scenario: A document is signed with a compromised private key, with a long-term time stamp. The normal expiration date of the key pair is D. The rightful owner of the key pair discovers the compromise ...
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174 views

Manually creating a GPG Public Key

I want to manually create a GPG public key that can be imported into GPG, i.e. I want to create a file with a Public-Key Packet, a User ID Packet and a Signature Packet (for an example see here). I ...
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Generate version 3 x509 certificate from version 1 CA

Please do forgive me for my naivety. I have inherited a legacy system wherein the CA which signs the certificate is of version 1. Is it possible to generate a x509 version 3 certificate which is ...
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What if the CSR is intercepted in transit while sending it to CA?

I was studying PKI the other day and I had a serious thinking about the following question. What is CSR? - It is a block of encoded text that is given to the CA when applying for an SSL certificate ...
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is it possible to achieve authenticated key agreement without using PKI or pre-shared secret?

After reading different techniques to achieve authenticated key-agreement (X3DH, HMQV, Asynchronous Ratcheting tree, An efficient protocol for authenticated key agreement, I understood that all these ...
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109 views

OpenSSL - What Data Is Used To Create A Certificate's Digital Signature?

I am coming up-to-speed on OpenSSL certificates. In all of my research I see where "data" is hashed to create a hash value that is used as the basis for a certificate's digital signature. This hash ...
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304 views

How message digest hash is used in RSA digital certificate verification

This is how I understand digital signature verification to work in general: Plaintext gets run through a hashing mechanism to make a message digest (IBM's terminology, there appear to be plenty of ...
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176 views

How to compute certificates using Diffie-Hellman key exchange with certificates and Elgamal signature scheme

We consider the Diffie–Hellman key exchange scheme with certificates. We have a system with the three users Alice, Bob and Charley. The Diffie–Hellman algorithm uses p = 61 and α = 18. The three ...
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Review: peer-to-peer encrypted communication

I'd like to ask you to review security of the following communication scheme: network is strictly P2P, based on DHT (peer discovery) root user can create a virtual private network (network private ...
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Is a Qualified Digital Certificate backward compatible with existing certificate code?

I'm trying to determine if our digital signature generation code will work without change using a European Qualified Digital Certificate in place of the RSA signing certificate that we normally use. ...
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Sorted merkle tree versus rsa accumulator

When compared to sorted merkle tree and rsa accumulator, which one is the best? Rsa accumulator has constant proof and it adds/deletes at constant cost. What is the verification cost for rsa ...
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Rsa accumulator storage size

Rsa accumulator's storage complexity is known as O(1). However, how can i calculate size of accumulator value in byte?
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certificate revocation list file size

Crl files are growing linearly. I wonder with 10 revoked certificate, what is the storage size of crl file and so on. For every revoke certificate, how much increase the size of the crl?
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111 views

X.509 ECDSA signature field in DER format includes '00' between bit string and sequence of r and s

I created a X.509 certificate with ECDSAwithSHA256(OID=1.2.840.10045.4.3.2) by openssl. ECC parameter is secp256r1. Following is the signatureAlgorithm and signatureValue. ...
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Implementing ESignature and digital certificate

I'm having some issue understanding the mechanism of electronic signature and how implementing it Here what I understood, correct me if I'm wrong: (Client is here an android or ios device. Server ...
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Enforce weak RSA in TLS

I'm going to give a small talk on the mathematical background of RSA. My audience will consist mostly of software engineers and to make the mathematical stuff tangible, I wanted to demonstrate how to ...
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PKCS12 password of container and private key

As I understand pkcs12 defines a container structure that can hold both a certificate and one or more private keys. ...

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