Questions tagged [elgamal-signature]

A digital signature scheme based on the discrete logarithm problem, published by Taher ElGamal in 1984. Not to be confused with the ElGamal encryption system.

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In ElGamal, how does knowing the secret number used for a signature reveal the signer's private key?

In ElGamal, how does knowing the secret number used for a signature reveal the signer's private key? How do two signatures using the same secret number reveal the signer's private key? [Hint: p-1 is ...
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How to properly sign and verify using DSA? Can anyone spot my mistake?

The question that I am trying to answer is as follows: 10.14. The parameters of DSA are given by p = 59,q = 29,α = 3, and Bob’s private key is d = 23. Show the process of signing (Bob) and ...
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What is largest prime factor in Diffie-Hellman?

I was reading the paper of A Public Key Cryptosystem and a Signature Scheme Based on Discrete Logarithms by TAHER ELGAMAL to better understand ElGamal public-key scheme, and he stated that for any ...
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Why ElGamal signature is insecure with nonrandom k?

In ElGamal signature scheme like: Keygen: $\beta:=\alpha^a\bmod p$ where $\alpha$ and $p$ are large prime numbers. Public key is $(p,\alpha,\beta)$ and secret key is $a$. Sign: Choosing random $k$ ...
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In DSA digital signature, why does k have to be random and unique each for each signing? [duplicate]

If we repeat k, I think there is little chance for s to repeat since user's private key x is ...
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How to compute ElGamal decryption by hand

Lets say that $u=3, x=5, v=2$, how do we work out $u^{-x}*v$, so $3^{-5} * 2$. I know how to work out the answer if it was $3^5 * 2$ but how do we do it with negative exponents?
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Whats wrong with my El Gamal signature example

I'm trying to digitally sign a message m using El Gamal. So far I've been unable to verify the digital signature ive made using El Gamal. I am using prime number, p = 8369. prime root g = 3031. ...
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find $a$ and $k$ for a given el gamal cryptosystem

I am given this question: Suppose Alice is using the ElGamal Signature scheme with parameters $p = 31847$, $\alpha = 5$, and $\beta = 25703$ Assuming that we have received signed messages $(x_1,(\...
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Security analysis for a extended ElGamal Signature against selective unforgeability

Let $H$ is a cryptography hash function and $\Pi=(\mathsf{G}, \mathsf{S}, \mathsf{V})$ is a digital signature, as follows: $(h_1=g^x,h_2=g^y) \leftarrow \mathsf{G}(1^n)$, where $x,y$ uniformly ...
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Is K=1 a valid random integer in ElGamal signature?

In the ElGamal signature scheme, in addition to the public/private keypair, a random integer $K$ such that $\operatorname{gcd}(K,p-1)=1$ is chosen in the range $[1,p-1]$. This clearly excludes $K=p-1$...
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How to recover secret $x$ from Elgamal signatures with repeated $k$?

Set generator $g \equiv 5 \pmod p$ where $p=647$ and $p$ is prime. With the same $g$, $p$ and secret signing key $x$, Alice sends two messages, $428$ and $129$, with signatures $(433, 239)$ and $(433,...
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Find private key from knowing random exponents are an arithmetic series

Let $p$ be a large prime and $g$ a primitive root modulo $p$, and $h$ a collision-resistant hash function. Person A chooses a random integer $1 < u< p$ and $y \equiv g^u \pmod p$ is publicly ...
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Recovering private key from Secp256k1 signatures

I've seen many answers here and many articles that says we can recover the private key from reused R signatures. But, what if the r,s signatures are different in transaction of bitcoin then is there a ...
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primitive root of a very big prime number (Elgamal DS)

For encryption methods there is a need for (very large) prime numbers. So for Elgamal digital signature there is the problem of finding a primitive root of $(p)$ where $p$ must be very large prime ...
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Signature Scheme with proof of data possession

Most signature schemes first hash the data and than sign the hash. Correct me if I am wrong: The signature does not prove that the signatory was in possession of the document itself? In cases where ...
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Any scenario for using ElGamal-SIGNATURE over RSA?

On a homework assignment, we're asked to give an example in which scenario one would use an ElGamal-Signature over an RSA-Signature. I found this question, but the answer also only describes why RSA ...
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Does ElGamal authentication exist?

Are there any natural ways to transform ElGamal encryption system or ElGamal signature scheme into an authentication protocol?
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Given 2 Digital Signature generated by $S=D\times k^r$ how do you solve for $k$?

Given 2 signature $(D_1, r_1, S_1)$ and $(D_2, r_2, S_2)$ and the Signature is generated as $S=D\times k^r \mod N$ where $N$ is a product of 2 primes and $r_1$, $r_2$ is co-prime. How do you solve for ...
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El Gamal Signature: Attack to recover private key if $k$ is generated as $k_{i+1}=k_{i}+a$ where $a$ is a large unknown constant

$k_0$ is randomly generated and subsequently $k_{i+1} = k_{i}+a$, where $a$ is a large unknown constant I've tried formulating an attack as such: Given 3 Messages $M_0$, $M_1$ $M_2$and with $(r_0,...
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ElGamal encryption and signature using same keys

In ElGamal scheme we have message $M$; $p$, $g$ and $y=g^x \bmod p$ as public key where $x$ is unknown private key. Encrypted message $(c,d)$, where $c=g^k \bmod p$ and $d=M \cdot y^k \bmod p$. ...
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Base Point on elliptic curve

How can i define the base point of the elliptic curve group element used as the elliptic curve domain parameter over Fp (prime)
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Why is the El Gamal commitment scheme information theoretically binding?

I am a bit stuck on the following claim: The ElGamal commitment scheme is information theoretically binding As far as I understand, an adversary $A$ would win the binding game if it is able to ...
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Length of ElGamal signature compared to RSA signature

In his original work (1) on the ElGamal encryption and signature scheme Taher ElGamal states in chapter V. section B.: For the signature scheme using the above arguments for the sizes ...
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ElGamal signature - show that $(\gamma, \delta)$ signs $m$

We have as a given: $gcd(j, p − 1) = 1$. $$γ = \alpha^i \beta^j \bmod p $$ $$ \delta = −\gamma j^{-1} \bmod (p−1) $$ $$m = i \delta \bmod (p − 1)$$ I want to show that $(\gamma; \delta)$ is an ...
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Is it possible to combine digital signature to provide message addition?

Let's assume we are using the textbook RSA where $Sig(x)=x^d$. Alice has public key $(e,N)$, and private key $(d,p,q)$. Now, if Alice sends $Sig(5)$ and $Sig(10)$ to Bob, where $5$ and $10$ is just ...
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What is wrong with my Elgamal signature example?

I want to construct an Elgamal signature scheme with the group $\mathbb{Z}_{23}^{\star}$ and then to compute the signature for the message $m$ with $h(m)=4$, where $h$ is the hash function that we are ...
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Could be El-Gamal signature scheme constructed via Fiat-Shamir heuristic?

For example, Schnorr signature is pretty similar to El-Gamal. And everywhere where Schnorr signature is explained (for example - on Wikipedia), there's said that there's Schnorr scheme which is ...
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How to apply Pollard's Rho Method on elliptic curves to solve discrete logarithm problem in finite field?

I have ElGamal signature scheme implemented in finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$. The thing is that I need to apply Pollard's Rho Method on elliptic curve $E(\mathbb{F}_p)$ to this scheme, solve discrete ...
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Elgamal Protocol Failure

I'm having a difficult time trying to solve this problem. Suppose Alice uses the Elgamal signature scheme with $(\alpha, \beta, p) = (2, 33384, 65539)$. She publishes the two signed messages:...
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How to find $r$ for El-Gamal signature with known private key

For public key $(g,b,P)$ and private key $x$ I have that... ...
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What can I do if I get private key of signing algorithm in Digital signiture

I am confused in digital signature. what is use of encryption with private key and decryption with public key. Using public key we can decrypt the signature then what is use of private key privacy. ...
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El Gamal signature scheme variant

Suppose we have the following El Gamal digital signature scheme variant: We fix a prime number $p$ and a generator $g$ of the group $Z_p^*$. We choose $x \in Z_{p-1}^*$, which is going to be our ...
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RSA Digital Signature vs Elgamal Digital Signature

What are the advantages of RSA signatures against ElGamal signatures? Is there a situation in which it would be better e.g. to use RSA signatures?
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El Gamal existential forgery using Pointcheval–Stern signature algorithm

I found that there exists an algorithm that claims to make the El Gamal signature generation more secure. The algorithm can be found here as a pdf. I'm mainly interested in the two-parameter forgery ...
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How to generate an El Gamal signature without knowing the private key x?

Let $x$ be the private key. Let $k$ be a random generated number $< p-1$, with $p$ the large prime. Let $g$ be the generator of $p$ the large prime. Let $r$ be the equality $r=g^k$ Let $m_e$ be an ...
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Attacks on schemes based on elliptic curves when the transmitted points are not on the curve

Some elliptic curve schemes require to send a curve point during the normal execution of the protocol. For example, ElGamal encryption and ElGamal signature require this. On the other hand, ECDSA does ...
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ElGamal scheme signature: if private key a mod p is equal to private sig. key k mod p-1, can an attacker notice and determine the value of a?

If someone is signing a document using the ElGamal signature scheme, and if the random involved in the signature $k \mod (p-1)$ is equal to $a$ (the private key), can an attacker notice? If so can he ...
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Inverse in ElGamal signature

I am learning about ElGamal signature verification. During the signature generation one has to choose a k such that ...
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Role of Fermat's little theorem in the proof of correctness of ElGamal signature

In the Wikipedia article about the ElGamal signature scheme it is written, that Fermat's little theorem is used in the following proof of correctness: From the signature generation in ElGamal we can ...
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ElGamal Signatures

I know various applications of RSA signatures. I wonder, is there any real-world applications of ElGamal signatures and encryption?
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Batch ElGamal Scheme

I know about ElGamal scheme and its key generation, encryption, and decryption methods. I'm not sure about what is meant by batch ElGamal. Can someone please clarify it. How it differs from ElGamal ...
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ElGamal in $Z^*_{p^n}$

If $p$ is an odd prime and $n$ natural,it is known that the group $Z^*_{p^n}$ is cyclic.Explain why the selection-choice of the group $Z^*_{{3^{1000}}}$ for the construction of a cryptosystem ElGamal ...
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For $p=23$, $g=2$, $q=11$ you are given the signature $(18,3)$ in the message $m=2$. Construct a signature in the message $m'=3$

Alice uses an ElGamal signature in group $(Z/pZ)^{*}$ without using hash function. To sign the message $m \in (Z/pZ)^*$ calculates the signature $(r,s)$ as follows: choose random $k \in \{0, 1, \dots, ...
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ElGamal signatures systems

Let $p$ prime number $q/p-1$ prime and $g\in (Z/pZ)^*$ element of order $q$.Also $a\in \{1,...,q-1\}$ the private key and $y\equiv g^a\pmod p$ the correspoding public key.For each of the following ...
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El-Gamal signature with two messages

Alice uses an ElGamal signature with base the group $Z^*_{107}$ and parameter $g=3$ of order $q=53$.The private key of Alice is some $x \in \{0,1,.....,52\}$ and the public key of her is $y=10$. To ...
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Why does the ElGamal signature have the specific form that it does?

In the original paper, ElGamal(1985) starts his discussion of signatures by saying: "The signature ..... is chosen such that the equation: $\alpha^m = y^r r^s \text{mod p}$ (equation 3 from the ...
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Usage of GF(p^m) fields, where p != 2

$GF(2^m)$ Galois fields are widely used in different cryptographic algorithms, for example, in Rijndael. However, $GF(p^m)$ fields are possible with any prime $p$, not only 2, but $GF(2^m)$ fields ...
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Recovering El Gamal secret key from signatures [duplicate]

Assume out of a set of ElGamal signatures, I've discovered that two have the same y i.e. $signature_{1}$ on $m_{1}$ = $(y,s_{1})$ and $signature_{2}$ on $m_{2}$ = $(y,s_{2})$. The public keys for $...
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How does hash function in Elgamal signature scheme prevent existential forgery attack?

I have heard that hashing the message M prevents an existential forgery attack. I was wondering how.
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ElGamal signature scheme: Why is r included in s

In the ElGamal signature scheme we calculate a signature for a (hashed) message $m$ as $r \equiv_p g^k$, $s \equiv_{p-1} (m - xr) k^{-1}$ and verify it by checking $g^m \equiv_p y^r r^s$. Here $r$...