Questions tagged [enigma]

The Enigma Machine was a piece of cryptographic hardware used by the German military during World War II; successful cryptanalysis was routinely applied against it and the scheme was considered broken. Questions relating to this machine should use this tag and you may also which to use the historic tag.

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10
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2answers
16k views

How many possible Enigma machine settings?

I'm trying to calculate the amount of settings the enigma machine has. I have found several sites regarding this topic, but it seems like there are two answers to my question. The first answer is 158,...
28
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3answers
22k views

How cryptographically secure was the original WW2 Enigma machine, from a modern viewpoint?

If cryptanalysts today were to crack the original Enigma machine, “how fast” or “how easily” could they do it? What methods would they use? The original cracking was significantly helped by operator ...
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2answers
2k views

Why is this the inverse of a Enigma Machine rotor?

I am learning about how the Enigma Machine works and I found this example of one letter being encrypted by an Enigma Machine. It shows the letter "G" going through three rotors and then it goes into ...
19
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4answers
3k views

Are encryption algorithms with fixed-point free permutations inherently flawed?

Flaw in Enigma One of the Enigma machine's flaw was the derangement (fixed-point free permutation) of the produced ciphertext, or simply put: No plaintext-letter can be enciphered to itself. See this ...
8
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3answers
7k views

How does the ring settings of enigma change wiring tables?

EDIT: The model I'm trying to make is "Enigma 1". I learned initially about it from a book called "Code Book" and then looked at it in detail from its wikipedia page. The site wont allow me too add ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Is the logic for how the enigma machine worked documented somewhere?

I know that there is a formula to calculate the result of any input but is the logic of how the machine actually worked documented? I have seen schematics for the circuitry and even a how to make ...
1
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1answer
422 views

Enigma rotation example

According to wikipedia: BDZGO is the expected outcome when doing the enigma chipher on the letters AAAAA with rotors I,II,III and reflector B. ...
14
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1answer
1k views

How to build an electro-mechanical public key cipher machine?

It is generally assumed that asymmetric encryption schemes were invented in 1973 at GCHQ in Britain and, independently, in 1976 at the MIT. Imagine, if the abstract idea of having a public key and a ...
9
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1answer
532 views

Under what conditions did a Bletchley bombe stop?

I am trying to understand the conditions necessary for one of the Bletchley Park bombes to stop. Let me give an example. I have been experimenting with Enigma machine and bombe simulators to try to ...
6
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2answers
990 views

When does the first rotor in Enigma machine rotate?

I read a ton of articles about the Enigma machine. And the one thing that I can't get is when the first rotor stars rotating. Some articles says the rotor rotates after the first letter of message ...
2
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3answers
176 views

Enigma: a Question from WW2

I have seen in the Imitation Game that the Germans reset the Enigma at midnight sharp, and then they start messaging by sending the weather report in the morning. But the device made by Alan Turing, ...
0
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2answers
171 views

Key vs Algorithm when applied to Enigma

I've just been reading the Why should I make my cipher public? question and answers on this site. I understand Kerckhoffs's principle, but I'm unsure exactly how this applies to Enigma - i.e. where ...