Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [factoring]

The tag has no usage guidance.

2
votes
0answers
26 views

Is it possible to check if a number is the product of two primes without factorizing it?

I have a large number which I suspect may be a private RSA key (although its size, at 613 bits, seems a bit unorthodox). I have started to run a factorization algorithm on it, and after a few hours ...
5
votes
0answers
52 views

Time-memory tradeoffs in Shor's algorithm

Can a quantum computer with insufficient qubits to factor an integer of a given size make any progress in factoring it? For example, what if quantum computer is only one qubit short of what is ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Fermat's factorization method on weak RSA modulus

Given a public key for RSA, I have extracted the modulus which looks like this: ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Factoring RSA weak modulus

Given a public key for RSA, I have extracted the modulus which looks like this : ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Yukel's Sieve - Factorization of Numbers into a Square Sieve

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=liTTGeitpGQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nOwgiweyqc https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGwFsOG27DQ I came across these videos explaining a pattern that is found in ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Equivalence of cryptographic problems

Are integer factorization, discrete log and ECDH problems equivalent? I know that factorization and discrete log are equivalent but are one of those two problem equivalent with ECDH? Cand someone ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

In RSA, what is $P[x \notin \mathbb{Z}_N^*]$

In the RSA problem, picking a message $x \in \mathbb{Z}_N \setminus \mathbb{Z}_N^*$ implies factorizing $N$. Since factorization with respect to the standard RSA generator is hard assuming the RSA ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

RSA: security of LSB in The Generic Model of Computation

In this paper Maurer and Aggarwal showed that in generic model of computation breaking RSA is equivalent to factoring. It is also known that the LSB of an encrypted message is as hard as breaking RSA.(...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Can we find the exact number given remainder of the numbers with mod m?

I have around 1500 numbers. The numbers $x_i$ are calculated as $x_i$=($p*t_i$) mod m. $p$ constant and same for all the numbers while $t_i$ are chosen randomly everytime. For example the given ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Upper bounds on difference of RSA primes

I was wondering whether given a concrete $N = p \cdot q$ whether we can find a upper bound on $\Delta = | p - q|$ as function of $N$ e.g, $N^\delta$, and thus test whether a given $N$ is vulnerable ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

What happens for factoring algorithms if P=NP?

If someone ever demonstrates that P=NP, will it give us a polynomial factoring algorithm, or will it only tell us that such an algorithm exists, but we still have to find it?
0
votes
0answers
48 views

What is the computational complexity of Coppersmith's bivariate algorithm?

Coppersmith's original paper Finding a Small Root of a Bivariate Integer Equation; Factoring with High Bits Known says the algorithm to find bivariate roots under certain conditions runs in ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

RSA finding p and q integer with condition

I'm given $N=p\,q$ and told that $44\,p\approx 17\,q$ (with the value given for $N$ some 49-digit integer 8124642558124642555899928124642555899924479992447). In ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Reduction from integer factoring to computational Diffie Hellman

The computational Diffie Hellman (CDH) problem for ${\mathbb{Z}}^*_p$ is given a prime $p$, a generator $g$ of ${\mathbb{Z}}^*_p$, and a pair $(g^i, g^j)$ to compute $g^{ij}$. The value $g$ is called ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

Efficient way of knowing large factors of $\phi(n)$ given small prime factors and $n$

Knowing large prime factor$(r > n^{1/4})$ of $\phi(n)$ can easily factorize n and hence learn $\phi(n)$. If we have knowledge on all small prime factors $(2< r_i << n^{1/4})$ of $\phi(n)$...
6
votes
1answer
371 views

Algorithm to factorize $N$ given $N$, $e$, $d$

I have an RSA public key (public modulus $N$ and public exponent $e$), and the private exponent $d$ of matching private key. How can I compute $p$ and $q$, the primes factor of $N$ ?
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Counting the number of binary solutions of quadratic system

I have a quadratic system of equations related to a balanced RSA modulus $n=pq$ (i.e. $\log p\approx\log q$), and I want to give an upper bound on the number of solutions. Indeed, let $p_i,q_i$ be ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

RSALib prime generation - derive number of primes

I'm working on factorizing a ~450 bit key that I know has been generated with RSALib and thus is vulnerable to ROCA. Now reading the original paper, I can see that the primes are generated in the ...
-3
votes
1answer
179 views

Why would an efficient integer factorization algorithm render RSA insecure?

I know that RSA relies on the integer factorization problem: given two primes p and q, their product p . q is easy to compute. But not feasible (i.e., polynomial-time) an algorithm is known that could ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Can multiplication of two primes be seen as a strong cipher?

If we were define such a cipher: A reversible function that would accept a message $M$ and an initialization vector $\text{IV}_1$ $\operatorname{map}(\text{IV}_1, M)$ which can map an input $M$ to a ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

What are SNFS-safe limits for an RSA moduli optimized for simple modular reduction?

I consider $n$-bit RSA moduli $N$ having high-order bits starting by with $k$ bits at 1, then $k$ bits at 0, then $m-2k$ bits at ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How to find p,q in this problem?

Suppose \begin{align*} g^r &\equiv h \pmod N, \\ h^s &\equiv g \pmod N, \end{align*} for known $g$, $h$, $r$, $s$, and $N$, but not $\phi(N)$. Then $$g^{r\cdot s - 1} \equiv 1 \pmod N,$$...
14
votes
2answers
511 views

RSA factorization for special primes $p$ and $q$

I want to factorize the modulus $n = pq$ knowing that $p$ and $q$ are not random, but constructed based on integer numbers $a$ and $b$ as following ($a$ and $b$ are not given): $$p = a^2 + b^2, \...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

ROCA Implementation, Coppersmith Algorithm does not return roots

We are currently trying to reproduce the implementation of the ROCA-Paper. Therefore we calculated $M'$ from $M$ and $Order_M'$ from $Order_M$ to reduce the search space, but when we hand these values ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Williams' $p+1$ in tandem with Pollard's $p-1$?

Since the success of the $p - 1$ algorithm depends on $p - 1$ having "small" prime factors, or at least smaller than a reasonable smoothness bound, and Williams' $p + 1$ method has the same constraint ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

How ROCA get the polynomial used with coppersmith

I'm trying to understand the ROCA attack on RSA from Matus Nemec et al. but I'm stuck on how they goes from the constraint they have expressed has: $$f(x) = x ∗ M' + (65537^{a'} \mod M') \pmod p$$ To ...
4
votes
0answers
213 views

Is the matrix step of GNFS still the hardest part?

When the factorization of RSA-768 was announced in December 2009: the sieving took about 24 months and the matrix step took 119 days (4 months). So sieving took about 6 times as long. This is despite ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Number of bits specified in standards implementation?

Currently deployed RSA and discrete logarithm implementation uses $1024$ to $2048$ bits. Hypothetically speaking if a crypto team produces a faster algorithm that moves current factoring and discrete ...
2
votes
2answers
462 views

RSA: Is possible get p and q from this d and n?

I have this algorithm and Im searching p and q: $n=p^2 * q $ $l=(p-1)*(q-1) / \gcd (p-1,q-1)$ $d\equiv l^{-1} \pmod n$ And the values are: For $n$: ...
2
votes
2answers
487 views

Recovering 3 private keys if Eve knows that the keys are shared prime numbers and knows their public keys, How would this be done?

okay so here is the original question: Alice Bob and Carl are generating public keys for RSA, but they are lazy and decide to share some of the work of generating prime numbers. They find 3 large ...
5
votes
1answer
339 views

RSA factorization knowing N, e=65537 and g=d*(p-17)

Having known the values for $N$ a large number, $e = 65537$ and another large number $g = d \cdot (p-17)$, how can I use that info to find out $p$ and $q$? I guess that have something to do with ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Can we efficiently factor if we are given a Pocklington certificate of one of the prime factors?

I recently read Squeamish Ossifrage's answer on generating RSA keys from (short) randomness where they make the following comment: (You might want to keep the certificate secret too.) As the ...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

Why does TWINKLE use light instead of current?

TWINKLE is a device devised by Adi Shamir to optimize the sieving step of GNFS. It consists of a cylinder, at the bottom of which are LEDs corresponding to factor base primes which blink with ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Can Pollard's Rho factor 167-bit RSA within a day on a single-core of a personal computer?

I am working on an assignment for school, for which I have to implement a factoring heuristic. The program must be able to factor a 167-bit modulus within a week. However, I have set my personal goal ...
2
votes
1answer
271 views

Factoring RSA-129 with a personal computer today

I have read the history of the RSA-129 challenge, and now I would like to know if it would be possible to factor RSA-129 with a single "average" personal computer, today. Has someone tried to do this ...
1
vote
1answer
394 views

Finding the first few digits of p and q

Is there a way to find out the first few digits of the factors of the RSA numbers (RSA-1024 or RSA-2048)? I do not want to get all the digits but only first 4-5 digits. My question is thus more ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Alternative Hard Problem to Prime Factorization? [duplicate]

Suppose in the future someone conjures a technique to (arbitrarily) quickly find the prime factors of arbitrarily large numbers, thus undermining the computational security of (as far as I am aware) ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Malicious DH parameters without using composite numbers [duplicate]

I know that it's possible to generate DH parameters that lead to it being easy to attack (e.g. trivial composite numbers), but is it possible to create a malicious parameter that is not a composite ...
-1
votes
1answer
561 views

Factoring a 512-bit number?

I want to know how to factor this number only given $n$ and $e$, I have tried to factorize $n$ using Fermat's little theorem and also tried primefac module in python (running for the past 4 days) but ...
-1
votes
1answer
127 views

Integer Factorisation

If I have a set of numbers of the form $\{ {kp+r}:k\geq0\}$ with p a prime or product of primes k large in $\in Z^+$ and r fixed, is it computationally feasible to find a factorisation for any one ...
12
votes
0answers
160 views

Fewest qubits required for the discrete logarithm problem and integer factorization

According to a paper from 2002, the most efficient circuit to factor an $n$-bit integer requires $2n+3$ qubits and $O(n^{3}\lg(n))$ elementary quantum gates, assuming ideal qubits. Later on, according ...
-1
votes
1answer
218 views

Factorisation for Coprimes of Large Numbers - RSA

What is the current conventional algorithm used to calculate factors of large numbers in order to determine if they are coprimes, or if there is a way to do it without calculating factors, what would ...
5
votes
1answer
223 views

Factor RSA modulus given many valid encryption decryption exponent pairs?

I have read Is sharing the modulus for multiple RSA key pairs secure?, which explains an algorithm for factoring an RSA modulus n given only one encryption and decryption exponent tuple. Given ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

Is RSA vulnerable to possible PRNG + Miller Rabin test weaknesses?

Factoring a 2048 bit number is a difficult topic with a well known complexity. But it seems that p, q, the prime numbers used in RSA (order of magnitude: 10^308) are generated thanks to the ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Probability of a prime factor [closed]

We are given an arbitrary number $n$ and a sequence of primes $p_1=2$, $p_2=3$, ..., $p_k$. I am interested in the following question: Are the events "Prime $p_i$ is a factor of $n$" independent for ...
2
votes
1answer
581 views

Is factorization modulo a product of primes an NP-hard problem?

For example, let, $p$ and $q$ be two large prime numbers. We set $n = p \cdot q$. Now, let $a \cdot b = c \pmod n$. Given $c$ and $n$, is finding the factors $a$ and $b$ computationally difficult? I ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Are there special techniques to factor numbers of this form?

Suppose $N=p^2rq$ where $p,r,q$ are primes and $r,q$ have equal bits with roughly $(\frac14-\epsilon)\log_2N$ bits while $p$ has roughly $(\frac14+\epsilon)\log_2N$ bits is there a special technique ...
0
votes
1answer
458 views

What are some of the best prime factorization algorithms and their effecitvity

I was wondering aren't the most used prime factorization algorithms a symbolic mile behind the security of the RSA cryptosystem? The way it looks to me is that every time an algorithm is able to ...
11
votes
1answer
171 views

Is it easy to factorize a number of the form $n = t^{2} \cdotp p$?

Is it easy to factorize a number of the form $n = t^{2} \cdotp p$, where $t$ and $p$ are large primes?
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Factorizing a handiwork number $n$ in two prime factors

I have generated two primes $r_0$ and $s_0$ with same bit size $\le 64$, then make another two primes as follows: choose constant $k$ and define $$r_i = r_0 + \alpha_i, \quad 1 \le i \le k, \quad 0 \...