Questions tagged [initialization-vector]

Unique data used by block cipher modes of operation to randomize the output in order to achieve semantic security. Also for other similar constructs in other iterative algorithms.

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How to generate initial vectors during DPA attack on stream cipher in real life?

I was trying to understand the procedure of the DPA attack on Stream cipher (like Mickey-128). I learned that, the attacker need to build hypothetical power consumption matrix with different initial ...
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Seekable cipher, is AES CTR a good solution?

I'd like to create a simple file-cipher, which provides seekable encryption (so I can decrypt any part of the encrypted message, without the need of decrypt from the start). Here's my current idea: I ...
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Rijndael - is there some difference in resistance between counter in generator input and in IV?

I am thinking about Rijndael implementation in order to store tokens (cannot be hashed) - one token for one user. And finally I get stuck with key/IV generation problem :( The questions are: 1) Is ...
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931 views

Keepass Twofish plugin security

Keepass is a well known open-source password manager program, with plugin support. One of the offered plugin is a twofish encryption mode of operation in lieu of the build-in AES algorithm (http://...
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293 views

Alter plaintext through IV in block cipher AES in CBC mode

IV: 69bb375aa919c72aa561dd7b7ffacf66 Ciphertext: "c28ea025d10186510855d083747d6435c808d9857075abd9bfc54b094e60eaf3" Plaintext: "SEND ENCRYPTED DATA" I want to be able to change the resulting ...
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Use of Initialization Vector in a Hash Function

Why is an Initialization Vector used in a hash function? Some hash functions do not seem to need an IV, why do other hash functions need one?
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771 views

CBC mode is not IND-CCA2 secure with no prediction of IV

How can it be explained that CBC mode is not IND-CCA2 secure, in case that the IV can't be predicted by adversary. Edit: In decryption of CBC, for each block it is XORed with previous block's cipher ...
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IV and Headers inside cipher text

I am a bit confused about the use of IV, and key hash. Is the key hash and IV stored inside the headers of the cipher text? Isn't it a security risk to store this header information? By key hash I ...
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Is it possible to encrypt a message stream with the same IV each time and for it to be secure?

I know we should ideally never reuse the IV (Depending upon the mode of encryption used), but is it possible to have a protocol which uses the same IV for the message stream and is as safe as one ...
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What is the most secure way to encrypt certain properties in logs

I would like to encrypt certain data before logging it. Currently, I use a private key and a static IV. Looking at generating a suitable IV I am concerned about the overhead in generating CSPRNG ...
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Randomly initialised global counter used to encrypt the kth message with IV = IV + k mod 2^n

The use of an increasing IV is not secure for a block cipher. That is, using a random IV for the first message then IV + 1 for the second , IV + 2 for the 3rd etc. How can I construct an attack to ...