Questions tagged [nist]

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a U.S. federal agency that works with industry to develop and apply technology, measurements, and standards.

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Is the random number analiser software reliable for performing Nist 800_22 test

I am working on generating pseudo random numbers from a chaotic oscillator's signal. In literature I have read about the Nist 800-22 test used for checking randomness. I friend gave me a software &...
B Dilany's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
117 views

Judgment of Results from NIST Randomness Testing

I am using the NIST suite to test the randomness of binary numbers and I have a 64KB dataset. I am confused with the results in finalAnalysisReport.txt. I have the ...
yuting zhang's user avatar
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1 answer
132 views

Discrete Fourier transform (Spectral) test

I am designing a pseudo random bit generator (PRBG) and I am using the NIST SP 800-22 suite to analyze the random characteristics of my PRBG. It turns out that my PRBG passes 14 out of 15 tests, and ...
Julian Osorio's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
48 views

What's the lattice dimension of the uSVP for attacking CRYSTALS-Dilithium-128?

I am trying to understand the process of transitioning from a NIST standard to the attacks based on of the Unique Shortest Vector Problem (Unique-SVP). Specifically, I am working with Crystals ...
asdf's user avatar
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0 answers
37 views

Non-lattice NIST candidates affected by SVP problems

I would like to know if there are non-lattice based NIST submissions that are affected by a polynomial time algorithm to Shortest Vector Problem. Are there known reduction from (e.g.) code based ...
asdf's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
150 views

Interpretation of NIST suite test results with asterisks

I have a question on how to interpret test results of NIST test suite. First, when the asterisk mark appear on the report, what does it mean? I thought it means the random sequence fails the test. ...
O. Nawwar's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
85 views

NIST random number tests report

I am using the NIST test suite to test random binary numbers. when I tried it for data.pi, the generated report has some items that can not be interpreted. for example, the coeffecients named C0~C10. ...
O. Nawwar's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
141 views

NIST random number generators ASCII input file format problem

I have temporal data from experiment and by setting a threshold, I convert them to zeros and ones. I saved these binary bits to txt file (normal txt file from MATLAB) with each line has 32 bits (total ...
O. Nawwar's user avatar
1 vote
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160 views

Can someone give a comprehensive guide on how to run NIST SP 800 90B entropy assessment c code in windows? [closed]

I am trying to run the github code in windows 11. I don't know what all I need to install in my laptop to run the C++ code. It would be a great help if someone can point out the steps to run the code.
Mohit Mittal's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
135 views

A HRNG that is NIST 800-90 compliant is not suitable for use for OTP generation right?

A HRNG that is NIST 800-90 compliant must use a DRBG in some way regardless of whether it adheres to a RBG1, RBG2 RBG3(XOR), or RBG3(RS) construction. This violates the requirement that the OTP is ...
randumb20's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
669 views

Why does NIST SP 800-90C RBG3 construction require XOR or reseeding a DRBG with a physical entropy source to produce full entropy?

NIST 800-90C defines 3 classes of random bit generation (RBG) constructions: RBG1, RBG2 and RBG3. All constructions must include a DRBG from NIST SP 800-90A. The particular construction in question is ...
randumb20's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
114 views

Use of PRNG's vulnerability for attacking a cryptographic system

I am investigating a PRNG which fails some of NIST tests (FFT, ApproximateEntropy and Serial). If such a generator is used in cryptography for any purpose, what consequences can it has? How this ...
user110019's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

getting wrong rsa private exponent (d) for this particular test vector from nist cavp

In 186-2rsatestvectors.zip/SigVerRSA.rsp ...
d186's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
159 views

Why NIST 800-56A rev3 does not use cross secret calculation in C(2e, 2s, ECC CDH) scheme?

In the NIST 800-56A rev3 "Recommendation for Pair-Wise Key-Establishment Schemes Using Discrete Logarithm Cryptography" in section 6.1.1.2 "(Cofactor) Full Unified Model, C(2e, 2s, ECC ...
obareey's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
127 views

Question about confidence interval in NIST SP 800 22

I want to ask about the confidence interval in NIST SP 800 22 so I can make sure I got it right. When evaluating the randomness of many binary strings, for example 1000 binary strings. In the NIST SP ...
Cat Dragon's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
750 views

What is the relationship between NIST and secp256k1?

While exploring secp256k1, I came across what seems like the official definition at https://www.secg.org/, specifically in https://www.secg.org/sec2-v2.pdf. In terms of authorship, the document only ...
aryzing's user avatar
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1 answer
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Provably secure cryptography in blockchains

Do you know a blockchain that does not use at all cryptographic primitives standardized by USA or other countries? It is strange to me that the security of many cryptocurrencies is based on ciphers, ...
Dimitri Koshelev's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
152 views

How to use NIST SP 800-22 to check randomness of 128 bits output in AES?

I am trying NIST SP 800-22 to test the randomness of 128 bit output in AES, but i always get igamc: UNDERFLOW or Segmentation fault (core dumped) error. My data file has 128 bit output format, for ...
Cat Dragon's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

Rainbow What happened to signatures in the NIST standardization process?

The rainbow signature was not seen in round 4 of the NIST PQC standardization process. Was Rainbow not shortlisted?
nitchan's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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NIST algorithm testing results

I have an algorithm that encrypts large text. I want to test this algorithm on statistical tests. The ciphertext contains ~10,000,000 bits. I decided to test the ...
wxist's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
55 views

NIST statistical tests [duplicate]

I'm having trouble testing a not-so-popular algorithm that I haven't found an implementation of, so I wrote it myself and now I'd like to test it with nist tests, but I have a suspicion that I'm doing ...
wxist's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
345 views

What is the significance of the results of the NIST PQC competition?

I hope this is not offtopic. Since NIST has rather recently announced the winners of its PQC competition I was wondering how significant this development is. Does that mean that CRYSTALS-Kyber will ...
3nondatur's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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What advantages does FrodoKEM have over other PQCs?

What are the advantages of FrodoKEM over other NIST PQC candidates? Also, have any critical vulnerabilities been discovered so far?
nitchan's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
219 views

What is the status of the NIST Lightweight Cryptography Standardisation Process?

The NIST Computer Security Resource Center called for nominations for a process to standardise lightweight symmetric primitives in August 2018. In the update talk in the 2019 Lightweight Cryptography ...
Daniel S's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
624 views

Break Lattice-Based Cryptography with Variational Quantum Algorithm (only 25 k. Qbits for Kyber1024)?

I am currently writing a seminar paper on Kyber and other lattice-based methods. I was so excited about the lattice-based methods that I also currently searched quantum algorithms to solve the methods....
Max Weber's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
35 views

Safe p-value for NIST randomness test with small sample size

In this journal paper related to physically unclonable function (PUF) [1], the authors used NIST 800-22 test to check if the bitstreams generated by their PUFs are random, which is described as ...
8cold8hot's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
1 answer
276 views

Where can I find a comprehensive guide to running the NIST SP800-90B_EntropyAssessment?

I am already using the 2 they suggest : https://github.com/usnistgov/SP800-90B_EntropyAssessment https://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/SpecialPublications/NIST.SP.800-90B.pdf but, here is where I run into ...
Vardhan Mahajan's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
111 views

NIST example shows extra hexadecimal characters in Block Contents of SHA512-256

I was recently trying to gain a better understanding of the SHA-512/256 algorithm and on this NIST example they use the word "abc" as the input. In the Block Contents, it shows the expected ...
Jack O'Leary's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
133 views

Does NIST SP800-56C r2 forbid using NIST-approved two-step KDFs for not-all-at-once key-derivations?

NIST SP800-56C r2 added Section 5.3 which specifically addresses using a single Extract step followed by ...
Stan Drapkin's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
546 views

NIST expression for HMAC security strength

In NIST SP800-107, NIST claims that the security strength of HMAC is MIN(security of HMAC key, $2L$). $L$ is the length of the output of the underlying hash function. Let's take HMAC-SHA256 as an ...
Evgeni Vaknin's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
109 views

Does the Saber.PKE algorithm submitted in PQC NIST Round3 support the additional homomorphism?

As for the PQC algorithm Saber.PKE based on M-LWR, I wonder whether it supports homomorphic addition operation. According to my related work, the error of this algorithm can be written as $e_S = ||s^{\...
R YS's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
282 views

Which quantum resistant digital signature algorithm would you use and why (If you had to pick one now)? [closed]

Context: Many widely used public-key cryptographic schemes have been designed based on the difficulty of factoring and similar problems. That includes RSA, the Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange, ECDH, ...
Neil Yoga Crypto's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
129 views

What’s the relationship between P-256 and Dual EC DRBG?

It is said that Dual EC DRBG has a backdoor given the values of the curve. Hence some people do not trust it. With that in mind, some people also distrust NIST P-256 Curve. Why? Is it purely because ...
Eduardo Andrés Castillo Perera's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
31 views

How many number of sequences (sample size) should be selected for randomness testing of bock cipher with 256 bits key and block length?

I am working on randomness testing of block cipher. I have gone through the NIST two papers of randomness testing of AES candidate algorithm, links are given below https://csrc.nist.gov/csrc/media/...
Maria Ejaz's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
70 views

About two sequence conversion methods in NIST 800-90B

I am reading the 800-90B document. In particular, I'm looking at Chapter 5, the chapter on checking that samples conform to IID. There are 11 tests such as Excursion Test Statistic and Number of ...
pioneer's user avatar
  • 325
0 votes
1 answer
705 views

Alternative to CBC mode encryption?

Given that CBC mode encryption is vulnerable to padding oracle attacks, what is the next best alternative ? a) Include a hash check in the API scheme, validate the hash and then proceed with CBC. If ...
Ravindra HV's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
716 views

NIST vs ISO Encryption standardisation process

skinny cipher has been lately considered as ISO/IEC standard while is still competing as building block of Romulus AEAD in NIST LWC finalists. what is the difference between the two ISO and NIST ...
hardyrama's user avatar
  • 2,126
2 votes
1 answer
882 views

Comparison of Post Quantum Algorithms in Nist 3rd round

I'm interested in the Post Quantum Algorithms of the 3rd round of the NIST standardization competition. The algorithms for KEM are Classic McEliece, CRYSTALS-KYBER, NTRU, SABER and their 5 ...
Titanlord's user avatar
  • 2,264
1 vote
1 answer
681 views

Input size recomendation of sequence for each test in NIST SP 800-22

I am using the NIST SP 800-22 to evaluate the performance of the Random Number Generator. NIST SP 800-22 has a total of 15 tests. In each test, it has a recommendation for the size of the tested ...
Trần An's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Verifiable Base Point generation via NIST SP 800-186 method

I'm looking at D.3.2 Verifiably Random Base Points of NIST SP 800-186. Looks like step 5 is there to ensure that $hashlen > bitLen(q)+1$ and (potentially) discard big $e$, so $t$ is distributed ...
pintor's user avatar
  • 558
1 vote
1 answer
132 views

Why the DRBG can mask the small deviations in the behavior of the entropy source?

In NIST SP 800-90C, it said:"Small deviations in the behavior of the entropy source in an NRBG will be masked by the DRBG output" Why the DRBG can mask the small deviations in the behavior ...
Trần An's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
4k views

Why did Google Cloud accept a lower FIPS 140-2 Level compared to IBM Cloud?

FIPS 140-2 is a standard which handles cryptographic modules and the ones that organizations use to encrypt data-at-rest and data-in-motion. FIPS 140-2 has 4 levels of security, with level 1 being the ...
WJA's user avatar
  • 227
6 votes
1 answer
301 views

Is there a good rundown anywhere on the NIST vs CNRS patent disputes on lattice cryptography?

As I understand it from web conference hearsay, the Kyber and Saber entries to the NIST post quantum cryptography competition have been subject to a patent claim from the CNRS. The creators of the ...
saolof's user avatar
  • 211
1 vote
2 answers
461 views

How can we measure the security levels of post-quantum cryptographic algorithms? Is there a standard way of this measurement?

How do we measure the security levels of Post Quantum Cryptographic algorithms such as: NTRU Prime, Saber, Kyber,...that are submited to NIST PQC Standardization Process(Competition) in general? I ...
esra's user avatar
  • 869
2 votes
1 answer
768 views

How to use ECDSA test vectors?

I would like to verify my system by running ECDSA NIST test vectors, but I am not getting expected output. I am able to calculate signature, but it is not right or at least "r" and "s&...
KaljaTolkki's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
308 views

Testing of PQC NIST round3 submissions

I am new to this field and have some concerns regarding PQC; How does NIST do a comparison that a particular algorithm is efficient and its security can not be broken by future quantum attacks? I am ...
Abdul Muneeb's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
498 views

Is qTesla Secure?

qTesla is a signature scheme and a submission to the NIST post-quantum standardization process, which made it to the second round. It is based on the hardness of RLWE. The NIST round 2 status report ...
a196884's user avatar
  • 381
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

NSA removed EC-256 and SHA-256 from CNSA recently--should we be alarmed by this?

Recently, the NSA (re-published?) their CNSA guidelines and some information on post-quantum computers (per the title of the document). Here's the link for convenience (document is titled, 'Quantum ...
librehash's user avatar
  • 145
1 vote
1 answer
65 views

Evaluation criteria for NIST finalist candidates

I have seen several recent papers mention that side-channel resistance and countermeasure will be a major evaluation criterion for the NIST finalist candidates. However, I don't find any reference to ...
Rick's user avatar
  • 1,265
2 votes
0 answers
71 views

Why FF2 Format Preserving Encryption Fails

I have just seen that there are 3 feistel based FPE schemes which were proposed FF1,FF2 and FF3( There might be many more). Although there have been different attacks on FF1 and FF3 standard that ...
Novice_researcher's user avatar

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