Linked Questions

37
votes
3answers
7k views

Does “Shattered” actually show SHA-1-signed certificates are “unsafe”?

Note: I am not advocating anyone continues using SHA1-signed certificates: they are dead as far as security is concerned and should no longer be used. I'm just trying to clarify my understanding of ...
17
votes
3answers
10k views

After Google's collision attack, is RSA-SHA1 signature still safe?

Google succeeded to get a collision in SHA-1 last year in an attack called shattered. Does this fact make certificates based RSA-SHA1 Signature risky for creating fraud certificates? If RSA-SHA1 ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

Has AES-128 been fully broken?

Has AES-128 been broken over the full 10 rounds? If so, by what means? By a commercial entity? By a supercomputer? If not, why is AES-256 used to replace AES-128 so frequently?
16
votes
1answer
10k views

In 2020, SHA-1 practically broken in chosen-prefix collision (CP-collision). Can double SHA-1 hashing prevent CP-collision?

In a recent study SHA-1 is a Shambles - First Chosen-Prefix Collision on SHA-1 and Application to the PGP Web of Trust by Gaƫtan Leurent and Thomas Peyrin. 2020, they showed the first practical chosen-...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

Is it possible to find the key for AES ECB if I have a list of plaintext and corresponding ciphertext?

Assume I have a list of plaintext text and its corresponding ciphertext which was created using a specific key with AES in ECB mode. Can I recover that key? If, how big does the list of plaintext ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Argon2 for both password storage and key derivation

Is using Argon2 for both password storage and key derivation secure? I'm planning on using different salt values, of course. The basic concept is something like this: Alice has some secret data ($...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it hypocritical to use AES-256 and RSA 2048 in the same application?

I see a common claim that AES-256 is the gold standard and is good future proofing, often in the same wind as "just use 2048-bit keys for RSA". Security documents seem to recommend both AES-256 and ...
7
votes
4answers
339 views

Can I replace SHA-1 with SHA-512/160 to address Shambles?

The destination is software (within a remote trust boundary) that expects SHA-1 results. Would it be safer for the source (that's within my own trust boundary) to replace my SHA-1 computation at my ...
2
votes
3answers
246 views

3DES security when K1=K3

I am mainly looking for security on 2-key $\operatorname{3DES}$ implementation where $K_1=K_3$. How hard or easy is it to crack $\operatorname{3DES}$ when $K_1=K_3$?
4
votes
1answer
437 views

Worth taking performance hit of HMAC to gain additional security?

It seems like SHA-512 truncated to 256 bits is usable as a MAC [1]. The advantage is that it's ~50% faster than HMAC-SHA-256 on 64-bit CPUs and ~50% faster than HMAC-SHA-512 on short inputs. (My use ...
1
vote
1answer
327 views

Given partial key exposure and encryption oracle, can we recover full AES key?

Suppose I have an encryption oracle for AES with some key $k$ (16 bytes) and that I know $n$ bytes of it. Is it possible to recover the rest ($16 - n$) in complexity less than $256^{16-n}$?
0
votes
1answer
397 views

Show that if a fixed key MAC is not collision resistant then the MAC function is not computation resistant for every key K

I'm really having some trouble with this one. Let $H$ be a MAC function. For every key $K$ we can create an unkeyed hash function (i.e.an MDC) by using $H$ to hash messages with the fixed key $K$. ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

80-bit security and attack time

Many designer claimed that their cryptography scheme has 80-bit security. So how to calculate the time of attcking this 80-bit security cryptography scheme, such as 80-bit security RSA using a kind of ...
1
vote
2answers
299 views

Hash collisions in sha512 hash of secp256k1 public keys

For a sha512 hash of a secp256k1 public key, how many other public keys could generate that hash? I would assume zero since the key size is equal to the hash length (secp256k1 public keys are 64 bytes,...
1
vote
2answers
298 views

DES - encrypt 3 times - DES(DES(DES, k), k'), k) - stronger than 2DES with 2 different keys?

What if were to use DES in the following way: For a given plaintext x and key k we will perform: ...

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